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Open AccessArticle

Combining Zirconia and Titanium Suboxides by Vat Photopolymerization

Processes and Components, Fraunhofer Institute for Ceramic Technologies and Systems, 01277 Dresden, Germany
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Academic Editor: Juergen Stampfl
Materials 2021, 14(9), 2394; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092394
Received: 30 March 2021 / Revised: 20 April 2021 / Accepted: 27 April 2021 / Published: 4 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Ceramic Manufacturing)
A recently developed multi-ceramic additive manufacturing process (multi-CAMP) and an appropriate device offer a multi-material approach by vat photopolymerization (VPP) of multi-functionalized ceramic components. However, this process is limited to ceramic powders with a certain translucency for visible light. Electrically conductive ceramic powders are therefore ruled out because of their light-absorbing behavior and dark color. The goal of the collaborative work described in the article was to develop a material combination for this multi-material approach of the additive vat photopolymerization method which allows for combining electrical conductivity and electrical insulation plus high mechanical strength in co-sintered ceramic components. As conductive component titanium suboxides are chosen, whereas zirconia forms the mechanically stable and insulation part. Since titanium suboxides cannot be used for vat photopolymerization due to their light-absorbing behavior, titania is used instead. After additive manufacturing, the two-component parts are co-sintered in a reducing atmosphere to transform the titania into its suboxides and, thus, attaining the desired property combination. The article describes the challenges of the co-processing of both materials due to the complex optical properties of titania. Furthermore, the article shows successfully co-sintered testing parts of the material combination of zirconia/titanium suboxide which are made by assembling single-material VPP components in the green state and subsequent common thermal treatment. The results of microstructural and interface investigations such as electrical measurements are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: additive manufacturing; vat photopolymerization (VPP); hybridization; multi-functional components; zirconia; titanium suboxides; Magnéli phases additive manufacturing; vat photopolymerization (VPP); hybridization; multi-functional components; zirconia; titanium suboxides; Magnéli phases
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schwarzer-Fischer, E.; Günther, A.; Roszeitis, S.; Moritz, T. Combining Zirconia and Titanium Suboxides by Vat Photopolymerization. Materials 2021, 14, 2394. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092394

AMA Style

Schwarzer-Fischer E, Günther A, Roszeitis S, Moritz T. Combining Zirconia and Titanium Suboxides by Vat Photopolymerization. Materials. 2021; 14(9):2394. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092394

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schwarzer-Fischer, Eric; Günther, Anne; Roszeitis, Sven; Moritz, Tassilo. 2021. "Combining Zirconia and Titanium Suboxides by Vat Photopolymerization" Materials 14, no. 9: 2394. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14092394

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