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Article

Flexible Supercapacitors Based on Graphene/Boron Nitride Nanosheets Electrodes and PVA/PEI Gel Electrolytes

by 1,2, 3, 1,2, 3, 1,2 and 1,2,*
1
CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, Beijing Key Laboratory of Micro-Nano Energy and Sensor, Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101400, China
2
School of Nanoscience and Technology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101400, China
3
Department of Advanced Nuclear Medicine Sciences, The National Institute of Radiological Sciences, The National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Chiba 263-8555, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonino Salvatore Aricò
Materials 2021, 14(8), 1955; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081955
Received: 12 March 2021 / Revised: 10 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 April 2021 / Published: 14 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Materials and Technologies for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells)
All-solid-state supercapacitors have gained increasing attention as wearable energy storage devices, partially due to their flexible, safe, and lightweight natures. However, their electrochemical performances are largely hampered by the low flexibility and durability of current polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based electrolytes. Herein, a novel polyvinyl alcohol-polyethyleneimine (PVA-PEI) based, conductive and elastic hydrogel was devised as an all-in-one electrolyte platform for wearable supercapacitor (WSC). For proof-of-concept, we assembled all-solid-state supercapacitors based on boron nitride nanosheets (BNNS) intercalated graphene electrodes and PVA-PEI based gel electrolyte. Furthermore, by varying the electrolyte ions, we observed synergistic effects between the hydrogel and the electrode materials when KOH was used as electrolyte ions, as the Graphene/[email protected] WSCs exhibited a significantly improved areal capacitance of 0.35 F/cm2 and a smaller ESR of 6.02 ohm/cm2. Moreover, due to the high flexibility and durability of the PVA-PEI hydrogel electrolyte, the developed WSCs behave excellent flexibility and cycling stability under different bending states and after 5000 cycles. Therefore, the conductive, yet elastic, PVA-PEI hydrogel represents an attractive electrolyte platform for WSC, and the Graphene/[email protected] WSCs shows broad potentials in powering wearable electronic devices. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrogel electrolyte; flexible supercapacitor; graphene; boron nitride nanosheets hydrogel electrolyte; flexible supercapacitor; graphene; boron nitride nanosheets
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, C.; Hu, K.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, M.-R.; Wang, Z.; Li, Z. Flexible Supercapacitors Based on Graphene/Boron Nitride Nanosheets Electrodes and PVA/PEI Gel Electrolytes. Materials 2021, 14, 1955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081955

AMA Style

Wang C, Hu K, Liu Y, Zhang M-R, Wang Z, Li Z. Flexible Supercapacitors Based on Graphene/Boron Nitride Nanosheets Electrodes and PVA/PEI Gel Electrolytes. Materials. 2021; 14(8):1955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081955

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wang, Chan; Hu, Kuan; Liu, Ying; Zhang, Ming-Rong; Wang, Zhiwei; Li, Zhou. 2021. "Flexible Supercapacitors Based on Graphene/Boron Nitride Nanosheets Electrodes and PVA/PEI Gel Electrolytes" Materials 14, no. 8: 1955. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14081955

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