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Open AccessArticle

A Novel Approach to Describe the Time–Temperature Conversion among Relaxation Curves of Viscoelastic Materials

1
Department of Construction and Manufacturing Engineering, University of Oviedo, 33203 Gijón, Spain
2
Royal Academy of Engineering of Spain, don Pedro 10, 28005 Madrid, Spain
3
Royal Academy of de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Valverde 24, 28005 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(8), 1809; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13081809
Received: 23 March 2020 / Revised: 4 April 2020 / Accepted: 7 April 2020 / Published: 11 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probabilistic Mechanical Fatigue and Fracture of Materials)
Time and temperature, besides pressure in a lesser extent, represent the most significant variables influencing the rheological behavior of viscoelastic materials. These magnitudes are each other related through the well-known Time–Temperature Superposition (TTS) principle, which allows the master curve referred to relaxation (or creep) behavior to be derived as a material characteristic. In this work, a novel conversion law to interrelate relaxation curves at different temperatures is proposed by assuming they to be represented by statistical cumulative distribution functions of the normal or Gumbel family. The first alternative responds to physical considerations while the latter implies the fulfillment of extreme value conditions. Both distributions are used to illustrate the suitability of the model when applied to reliable derivation of the master curve of Polyvinil–Butyral (PVB) from data of experimental programs. The new approach allows not only the TTS shift factors to be estimated by a unique step, but the whole family of viscoelastic master curves to be determined for the material at any temperature. This represents a significant advance in the characterization of viscoelastic materials and, consequently, in the application of the TTS principle to practical design of viscoelastic components. View Full-Text
Keywords: viscoelastic behavior; relaxation curves; master curve; shift factors; time–temperature superposition principle viscoelastic behavior; relaxation curves; master curve; shift factors; time–temperature superposition principle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Álvarez-Vázquez, A.; Fernández-Canteli, A.; Castillo Ron, E.; Fernández Fernández, P.; Muñiz-Calvente, M.; Lamela Rey, M.J. A Novel Approach to Describe the Time–Temperature Conversion among Relaxation Curves of Viscoelastic Materials. Materials 2020, 13, 1809. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13081809

AMA Style

Álvarez-Vázquez A, Fernández-Canteli A, Castillo Ron E, Fernández Fernández P, Muñiz-Calvente M, Lamela Rey MJ. A Novel Approach to Describe the Time–Temperature Conversion among Relaxation Curves of Viscoelastic Materials. Materials. 2020; 13(8):1809. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13081809

Chicago/Turabian Style

Álvarez-Vázquez, Adrián; Fernández-Canteli, Alfonso; Castillo Ron, Enrique; Fernández Fernández, Pelayo; Muñiz-Calvente, Miguel; Lamela Rey, María J. 2020. "A Novel Approach to Describe the Time–Temperature Conversion among Relaxation Curves of Viscoelastic Materials" Materials 13, no. 8: 1809. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13081809

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