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Review

A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites

1
Research Institute Dupuy De Lôme (IRDL), Université Bretagne Sud, UMR CNRS 6027 Lorient, France
2
Department of M3, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
3
Centre for Natural Material Innovation, Department of Architecture, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PX, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2020, 13(21), 4811; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214811
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 16 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 28 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Performance Natural Fibre Composites)
Liquid composite moulding (LCM) of plant fibre composites has gained much attention for the development of structural biobased composites. To produce quality composites, better understanding of the resin impregnation process and flow behaviour in plant fibre reinforcements is vital. By reviewing the literature, we aim to identify key plant fibre reinforcement-specific factors that influence, if not govern, the mould filling stage during LCM of plant fibre composites. In particular, the differences in structure (physical and biochemical) for plant and synthetic fibres, their semi-products (i.e., yarns and rovings), and their mats and textiles are shown to have a perceptible effect on their compaction, in-plane permeability, and processing via LCM. In addition to examining the effects of dual-scale flow, resin absorption, (subsequent) fibre swelling, capillarity, and time-dependent saturated and unsaturated permeability that are specific to plant fibre reinforcements, we also review the various models utilised to predict and simulate resin impregnation during LCM of plant fibre composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer matrix composites (PMCs); liquid composite moulding (LCM); resin transfer moulding (RTM); permeability; flow modelling; natural fibres; biocomposites polymer matrix composites (PMCs); liquid composite moulding (LCM); resin transfer moulding (RTM); permeability; flow modelling; natural fibres; biocomposites
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pantaloni, D.; Bourmaud, A.; Baley, C.; Clifford, M.J.; Ramage, M.H.; Shah, D.U. A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites. Materials 2020, 13, 4811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214811

AMA Style

Pantaloni D, Bourmaud A, Baley C, Clifford MJ, Ramage MH, Shah DU. A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites. Materials. 2020; 13(21):4811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214811

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pantaloni, Delphin, Alain Bourmaud, Christophe Baley, Mike J. Clifford, Michael H. Ramage, and Darshil U. Shah 2020. "A Review of Permeability and Flow Simulation for Liquid Composite Moulding of Plant Fibre Composites" Materials 13, no. 21: 4811. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214811

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