Interlayer burrs formation during drilling of stacked plates is a common problem in the field of aircraft assembly. Burrs elimination requires extra deburring operations which is time-consuming and costly. An effective way to inhibit interlayer burrs is to reduce the interlayer gap by preloading clamping force. In this paper, based on the theory of plates and shells, a mathematical model of interlayer gap with bidirectional clamping forces was established. The relationship between the upper and lower clamping forces was investigated when the interlayer gap reaches zero. The optimization of the bidirectional clamping forces was performed to reduce the degree and non-uniformity of the deflections of the stacked plates. Then, the finite element simulation was conducted to verify the mathematical model. Finally, drilling experiments were carried out on 2024-T3 aluminum alloy stacked plates based on the dual-machine-based automatic drilling and riveting system. The experimental results show that the optimized bidirectional clamping forces can significantly reduce the burr heights. The work in this paper enables us to understand the effect of bidirectional clamping forces on the interlayer gap and paves the way for the practical application.
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