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Open AccessArticle

Control of Droplet Transition in Underwater Welding Using Pulsating Wire Feeding

by 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2,3, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2
State Key Laboratory of Advanced Welding and Joining, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150000, China
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Special Welding Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology at Weihai, No. 2 Wenhuaxi Road, Weihai 264209, China
Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation, Shandong Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266001, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(10), 1715;
Received: 25 April 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 22 May 2019 / Published: 27 May 2019
Underwater wet welding technology is widely used. Because the stability of droplet transfer in underwater wet welding is poor, the feasibility of improving the droplet transfer mode has been discussed from various technical directions. In this work, the characteristics of pulsating wire feeding were studied in the pulsating wire feeding mode by investigating the effects of changing the pulsating frequency, the wire withdrawal speed, and the wire withdrawal quantity on the droplet transfer process and the welding quality. With the aim of improving weld forming and welding stability, the authors selected the coefficient of variation and the ratio of unstable droplet transfer as the indexes to evaluate the effect of droplet transfer control. The pulsating wire feeding process of underwater wet flux-cored wire was analyzed in depth, and the following conclusions were drawn: using the pulsating wire feeding mode and after comparing and analyzing the pulsed wire feeding process under the same frequency condition, the authors found that the forming and stability were better under the conditions of slower withdrawal speed and smaller withdrawal quantity. The short-circuit transition ratio decreased steadily with the increase of pulsating wire feeding frequency, the rejection transition ratio first rose and then decreased, and the splash ratio first decreased and then rose. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulsating wire feeding; frequency; duty cycle; withdrawal pulsating wire feeding; frequency; duty cycle; withdrawal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Guo, N.; Huang, L.; Du, Y.; Cheng, Q.; Fu, Y.; Feng, J. Control of Droplet Transition in Underwater Welding Using Pulsating Wire Feeding. Materials 2019, 12, 1715.

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