Next Article in Journal
Effect of Defects on Spontaneous Polarization in Pure and Doped LiNbO3: First-Principles Calculations
Previous Article in Journal
Inhomogeneity of Free Volumes in Metallic Glasses under Tension
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January-1) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Study of Agave Fiber-Reinforced Biocomposite Films

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, USA
College of Mechanical Engineering, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT 06117, USA
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI 48120, USA
Diageo, London NW10 7HQ, UK
Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND 58102, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2019, 12(1), 99;
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 19 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Biomaterials)
PDF [3928 KB, uploaded 29 December 2018]


Thermoplastic resins (linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE), and polypropylene (PP)) reinforced by different content ratios of raw agave fibers were prepared and characterized in terms of their mechanical, thermal, and chemical properties as well as their morphology. The morphological properties of agave fibers and films were characterized by scanning electron microscopy and the variations in chemical interactions between the filler and matrix materials were studied using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. No significant chemical interaction between the filler and matrix was observed. Melting point and crystallinity of the composites were evaluated for the effect of agave fiber on thermal properties of the composites, and modulus and yield strength parameters were inspected for mechanical analysis. While addition of natural fillers did not affect the overall thermal properties of the composite materials, elastic modulus and yielding stress exhibited direct correlation to the filler content and increased as the fiber content was increased. The highest elastic moduli were achieved with 20 wt % agave fiber for all the three composites. The values were increased by 319.3%, 69.2%, and 57.2%, for LLDPE, HDPE, and PP, respectively. The optimum yield stresses were achieved with 20 wt % fiber for LLDPE increasing by 84.2% and with 30 wt % for both HDPE and PP, increasing by 52% and 12.3% respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: agave fiber; polyethylene; polypropylene; thermoplastic; biocomposites; mechanical properties agave fiber; polyethylene; polypropylene; thermoplastic; biocomposites; mechanical properties

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Annandarajah, C.; Li, P.; Michel, M.; Chen, Y.; Jamshidi, R.; Kiziltas, A.; Hoch, R.; Grewell, D.; Montazami, R. Study of Agave Fiber-Reinforced Biocomposite Films. Materials 2019, 12, 99.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Materials EISSN 1996-1944 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top