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Open AccessArticle

Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Si3N4-Fe3Si Composites Prepared by Gas-Pressure Sintering

Science and Technology on Thermostructural Composite Materials Laboratory, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, Shaanxi, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(7), 1206;
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 29 June 2018 / Accepted: 3 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
Si3N4-Fe3Si composites were prepared using Fe-Si3N4 as the source of Fe3Si by gas-pressure sintering. By adding different amounts of Fe-Si3N4 into the starting powders, Si3N4-Fe3Si composites with various Fe3Si phase contents were obtained. The microstructure and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. With the increase of Fe-Si3N4 contents, the content and particle size of Fe3Si both increased. When more than 60 wt. % Fe-Si3N4 were added, the abnormal growth of Fe3Si particles occurred and oversized Fe3Si particles appeared, leading to non-uniform microstructures and worse mechanical properties of the composites. It has been found that Fe3Si particles could toughen the composites through particle pull-out, interface debonding, crack deflection, and particle bridging. Uniform microstructure and improved mechanical properties (flexural strength of 354 MPa and fracture toughness of 8.4 MPa·m1/2) can be achieved for FSN40. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fe-Si3N4; Si3N4; ceramic composite; toughening mechanism Fe-Si3N4; Si3N4; ceramic composite; toughening mechanism
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Guan, J.; Cheng, L.; Li, M. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Si3N4-Fe3Si Composites Prepared by Gas-Pressure Sintering. Materials 2018, 11, 1206.

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