Macrophage Biocompatibility of CoCr Wear Particles Produced under Polarization in Hyaluronic Acid Aqueous Solution
AbstractMacrophages are the main cells involved in inflammatory processes and in the primary response to debris derived from wear of implanted CoCr alloys. The biocompatibility of wear particles from a high carbon CoCr alloy produced under polarization in hyaluronic acid (HA) aqueous solution was evaluated in J774A.1 mouse macrophages cultures. Polarization was applied to mimic the electrical interactions observed in living tissues. Wear tests were performed in a pin-on-disk tribometer integrating an electrochemical cell in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) and in PBS supplemented with 3 g/L HA, an average concentration that is generally found in synovial fluid, used as lubricant solution. Wear particles produced in 3 g/L HA solution showed a higher biocompatibility in J774A.1 macrophages in comparison to those elicited by particles obtained in PBS. A considerable enhancement in macrophages biocompatibility in the presence of 3 g/L of HA was further observed by the application of polarization at potentials having current densities typical of injured tissues suggesting that polarization produces an effect on the surface of the metallic material that leads to the production of wear particles that seem to be macrophage-biocompatible and less cytotoxic. The results showed the convenience of considering the influence of the electric interactions in the chemical composition of debris detached from metallic surfaces under wear corrosion to get a better understanding of the biological effects caused by the wear products. View Full-Text
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Perez-Maceda, B.T.; López-Fernández, M.E.; Díaz, I.; Kavanaugh, A.; Billi, F.; Escudero, M.L.; García-Alonso, M.C.; Lozano, R.M. Macrophage Biocompatibility of CoCr Wear Particles Produced under Polarization in Hyaluronic Acid Aqueous Solution. Materials 2018, 11, 756.
Perez-Maceda BT, López-Fernández ME, Díaz I, Kavanaugh A, Billi F, Escudero ML, García-Alonso MC, Lozano RM. Macrophage Biocompatibility of CoCr Wear Particles Produced under Polarization in Hyaluronic Acid Aqueous Solution. Materials. 2018; 11(5):756.Chicago/Turabian Style
Perez-Maceda, Blanca T.; López-Fernández, María E.; Díaz, Iván; Kavanaugh, Aaron; Billi, Fabrizio; Escudero, María L.; García-Alonso, María C.; Lozano, Rosa M. 2018. "Macrophage Biocompatibility of CoCr Wear Particles Produced under Polarization in Hyaluronic Acid Aqueous Solution." Materials 11, no. 5: 756.
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