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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Fabrication of Functional Carbon/Magnetic Nanocomposites as A Promising Model of Utilization of Used Crosslinked Polymers

1
Chemistry Department, Baku State University, Z. Khalilov Str. 23, AZ1148 Baku, Azerbaijan
2
Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 2, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
3
Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Ingolstadter Landstrasse 1. D-85764 Nauherberg, Germany
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Joint Mass Spectrometry Centre, Institute of Chemistry, University of Rostock, Dr. Lorenz Weg 1. D-18051 Rostock, Germany
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Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, Department of Solid State Physics, AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
6
Academic Centre for Materials and Nanotechnology, AGH University of Science and Technology, Mickiewicza 30, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Materials 2018, 11(12), 2595; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma11122595
Received: 29 October 2018 / Revised: 7 December 2018 / Accepted: 17 December 2018 / Published: 19 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Multi-Functional Materials and Nanocomposites)
The utilization of used crosslinked functional polymers (CFP) applied as sorbents or ion-exchangers is a great challenge arising from the need to protect the environment. In this paper we report a very promising way of obtaining carbon/magnetic composites based on metal (Co2+; Ni2+; Fe3+) derivatives of butadiene rubber-based phosphorus-containing polymer, which were treated as the model used CFP. We proposed a facile one-step thermal degradation approach to transform used CFP into carbon/magnetic composites (CMC). The obtained CMCs contained a mixture of metal phosphates and metal phosphides that exhibited strong magnetic properties due to the presence of nanosized metal derivatives with diameters of 100–140 nm. Structural and morphological changes of CFP and CMC after thermal degradation were investigated by the FTIR technique, X-ray Diffraction analysis, Scanning Electron Microscope, and Atomic Force Microscope–Magnetic Force Microscope. Moreover, thermal degradation kinetics parameters were determined to optimize the efficiency of the process. View Full-Text
Keywords: phosphorus-containing polymer; thermal degradation; carbon/magnetic composite; nanoparticles phosphorus-containing polymer; thermal degradation; carbon/magnetic composite; nanoparticles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alosmanov, R.; Imanova, J.; Wolski, K.; Ziemmermann, R.; Fiejdasz, S.; Przewoźnik, J.; Goc, K.; Kapusta, C.; Zapotoczny, S.; Szuwarzyński, M. Fabrication of Functional Carbon/Magnetic Nanocomposites as A Promising Model of Utilization of Used Crosslinked Polymers. Materials 2018, 11, 2595.

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