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Quantifying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Current Status and Trends

School of Management Science and Engineering, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mark Lemon
Energies 2016, 9(2), 65;
Received: 24 September 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 14 January 2016 / Published: 22 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multi-Disciplinary Perspectives on Energy and Sustainable Development)
Water, energy, and food are lifelines for modern societies. The continuously rising world population, growing desires for higher living standards, and inextricable links among the three sectors make the water-energy-food (WEF) nexus a vibrant research pursuit. For the integrated delivery of WEF systems, quantifying WEF connections helps understand synergies and trade-offs across the water, energy, and food sectors, and thus is a critical initial step toward integrated WEF nexus modeling and management. However, current WEF interconnection quantifications encounter methodological hurdles. Also, existing calculation results are scattered across a wide collection of studies in multiple disciplines, which increases data collection and interpretation difficulties. To advance robust WEF nexus quantifications and further contribute to integrated WEF systems modeling and management, this study: (i) summarizes the estimate results to date on WEF interconnections; (ii) analyzes methodological and practical challenges associated with WEF interconnection calculations; and (iii) points out opportunities for enabling robust WEF nexus quantifications in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: footprint quantification; interconnection; water-energy-food (WEF) system footprint quantification; interconnection; water-energy-food (WEF) system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chang, Y.; Li, G.; Yao, Y.; Zhang, L.; Yu, C. Quantifying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Current Status and Trends. Energies 2016, 9, 65.

AMA Style

Chang Y, Li G, Yao Y, Zhang L, Yu C. Quantifying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Current Status and Trends. Energies. 2016; 9(2):65.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chang, Yuan, Guijun Li, Yuan Yao, Lixiao Zhang, and Chang Yu. 2016. "Quantifying the Water-Energy-Food Nexus: Current Status and Trends" Energies 9, no. 2: 65.

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