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Article

Influence of Hydrogen-Based Storage Systems on Self-Consumption and Self-Sufficiency of Residential Photovoltaic Systems

Lehrstuhl für Technische Thermodynamik und Transportprozesse, Zentrum für Energietechnik, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
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Academic Editor: Tapas Mallick
Energies 2015, 8(8), 8887-8907; https://doi.org/10.3390/en8088887
Received: 17 July 2015 / Revised: 11 August 2015 / Accepted: 12 August 2015 / Published: 21 August 2015
This paper analyzes the behavior of residential solar-powered electrical energy storage systems. For this purpose, a simulation model based on MATLAB/Simulink is developed. Investigating both short-time and seasonal hydrogen-based storage systems, simulations on the basis of real weather data are processed on a timescale of 15 min for a consideration period of 3 years. A sensitivity analysis is conducted in order to identify the most important system parameters concerning the proportion of consumption and the degree of self-sufficiency. Therefore, the influences of storage capacity and of storage efficiencies are discussed. A short-time storage system can increase the proportion of consumption by up to 35 percentage points compared to a self-consumption system without storage. However, the seasonal storing system uses almost the entire energy produced by the photovoltaic (PV) system (nearly 100% self-consumption). Thereby, the energy drawn from the grid can be reduced and a degree of self-sufficiency of about 90% is achieved. Based on these findings, some scenarios to reach self-sufficiency are analyzed. The results show that full self-sufficiency will be possible with a seasonal hydrogen-based storage system if PV area and initial storage level are appropriate. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy storage; hydrogen; solar energy; dynamic simulation; residential sector; self-sufficiency; self-consumption energy storage; hydrogen; solar energy; dynamic simulation; residential sector; self-sufficiency; self-consumption
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pötzinger, C.; Preißinger, M.; Brüggemann, D. Influence of Hydrogen-Based Storage Systems on Self-Consumption and Self-Sufficiency of Residential Photovoltaic Systems. Energies 2015, 8, 8887-8907. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8088887

AMA Style

Pötzinger C, Preißinger M, Brüggemann D. Influence of Hydrogen-Based Storage Systems on Self-Consumption and Self-Sufficiency of Residential Photovoltaic Systems. Energies. 2015; 8(8):8887-8907. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8088887

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pötzinger, Christian, Markus Preißinger, and Dieter Brüggemann. 2015. "Influence of Hydrogen-Based Storage Systems on Self-Consumption and Self-Sufficiency of Residential Photovoltaic Systems" Energies 8, no. 8: 8887-8907. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8088887

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