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Article

Power Management Optimization of an Experimental Fuel Cell/Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid System

Chair of Energy Technology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstr. 1, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
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Academic Editors: Joeri Van Mierlo and Omar Hegazy
Energies 2015, 8(7), 6302-6327; https://doi.org/10.3390/en8076302
Received: 13 March 2015 / Revised: 13 June 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 25 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles and Hybrid Vehicles)
In this paper, an experimental fuel cell/battery/supercapacitor hybrid system is investigated in terms of modeling and power management design and optimization. The power management strategy is designed based on the role that should be played by each component of the hybrid power source. The supercapacitor is responsible for the peak power demands. The battery assists the supercapacitor in fulfilling the transient power demand by controlling its state-of-energy, whereas the fuel cell system, with its slow dynamics, controls the state-of-charge of the battery. The parameters of the power management strategy are optimized by a genetic algorithm and Pareto front analysis in a framework of multi-objective optimization, taking into account the hydrogen consumption, the battery loading and the acceleration performance. The optimization results are validated on a test bench composed of a fuel cell system (1.2 kW, 26 V), lithium polymer battery (30 Ah, 37 V), and a supercapacitor (167 F, 48 V). View Full-Text
Keywords: fuel cell/battery/supercapacitor hybrid; power management; multi-objective optimization; durability; experimental validation fuel cell/battery/supercapacitor hybrid; power management; multi-objective optimization; durability; experimental validation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Odeim, F.; Roes, J.; Heinzel, A. Power Management Optimization of an Experimental Fuel Cell/Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid System. Energies 2015, 8, 6302-6327. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8076302

AMA Style

Odeim F, Roes J, Heinzel A. Power Management Optimization of an Experimental Fuel Cell/Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid System. Energies. 2015; 8(7):6302-6327. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8076302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Odeim, Farouk, Jürgen Roes, and Angelika Heinzel. 2015. "Power Management Optimization of an Experimental Fuel Cell/Battery/Supercapacitor Hybrid System" Energies 8, no. 7: 6302-6327. https://doi.org/10.3390/en8076302

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