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Deep Geothermal Energy Production in Germany

Leibniz Institute for Applied Geophysics, Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2014, 7(7), 4397-4416;
Received: 5 May 2014 / Revised: 17 June 2014 / Accepted: 23 June 2014 / Published: 9 July 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geothermal Energy: Delivering on the Global Potential)
Germany uses its low enthalpy hydrothermal resources predominantly for balneological applications, space and district heating, but also for power production. The German Federal government supports the development of geothermal energy in terms of project funding, market incentives and credit offers, as well as a feed-in tariff for geothermal electricity. Although new projects for district heating take on average six years, geothermal energy utilisation is growing rapidly, especially in southern Germany. From 2003 to 2013, the annual production of geothermal district heating stations increased from 60 GWh to 530 GWh. In the same time, the annual power production increased from 0 GWh to 36 GWh. Currently, almost 200 geothermal facilities are in operation or under construction in Germany. A feasibility study including detailed geological site assessment is still essential when planning a new geothermal facility. As part of this assessment, a lot of geological data, hydraulic data, and subsurface temperatures can be retrieved from the geothermal information system GeotIS, which can be accessed online [1]. View Full-Text
Keywords: geothermal power production; direct use; district heating; hydrothermal doublet; project planning; energy statistics geothermal power production; direct use; district heating; hydrothermal doublet; project planning; energy statistics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Agemar, T.; Weber, J.; Schulz, R. Deep Geothermal Energy Production in Germany. Energies 2014, 7, 4397-4416.

AMA Style

Agemar T, Weber J, Schulz R. Deep Geothermal Energy Production in Germany. Energies. 2014; 7(7):4397-4416.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Agemar, Thorsten, Josef Weber, and Rüdiger Schulz. 2014. "Deep Geothermal Energy Production in Germany" Energies 7, no. 7: 4397-4416.

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