Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Single-Chamber Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology—From Its Origins to Today’s State of the Art
Previous Article in Journal
The Effect of Wind Power Installations on Coastal Tourism
Previous Article in Special Issue
Strategies for Lowering Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Operating Temperature
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2010, 3(1), 23-42;

Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes

School of Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2009 / Accepted: 4 January 2010 / Published: 11 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fuel Cells)
PDF [833 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]


Enzyme based bioelectronics have attracted increasing interest in recent years because of their applications on biomedical research and healthcare. They also have broad applications in environmental monitoring, and as the power source for portable electronic devices. In this review, the technology developed for fabrication of enzyme electrodes has been described. Different enzyme immobilisation methods using layered structures with self-assembled monolayers (SAM) and entrapment of enzymes in polymer matrixes have been reviewed. The performances of enzymatic biofuel cells are summarised. Various approaches on further development to overcome the current challenges have been discussed. This innovative technology will have a major impact and benefit medical science and clinical research, healthcare management, energy production from renewable sources. View Full-Text
Keywords: enzymes; bioelectronics; biofuel cells; self-assembled monolayer; redox polymer; mediator; enzyme immobilisation enzymes; bioelectronics; biofuel cells; self-assembled monolayer; redox polymer; mediator; enzyme immobilisation

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Hao Yu, E.; Scott, K. Enzymatic Biofuel Cells—Fabrication of Enzyme Electrodes. Energies 2010, 3, 23-42.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top