Next Article in Journal
Ethanol, Corn, and Soybean Price Relations in a Volatile Vehicle-Fuels Market
Next Article in Special Issue
Investigating the Effect of Large Wind Farms on Energy in the Atmosphere
Previous Article in Journal
North American Natural Gas Supply Forecast: The Hubbert Method Including the Effects of Institutions
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power

Department of Geological and Environmental Sciences, California State University – Chico, Chico, CA 95929, USA
Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2009, 2(2), 307-319;
Received: 20 April 2009 / Revised: 15 May 2009 / Accepted: 18 May 2009 / Published: 26 May 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wind Energy)
PDF [818 KB, uploaded 17 March 2015]


The available wind power resource worldwide at altitudes between 500 and 12,000 m above ground is assessed for the first time. Twenty-eight years of wind data from the reanalyses by the National Centers for Environmental Prediction and the Department of Energy are analyzed and interpolated to study geographical distributions and persistency of winds at all altitudes. Furthermore, intermittency issues and global climate effects of large-scale extraction of energy from high-altitude winds are investigated. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind power; high altitude; reanalyses; jet streams; intermittency wind power; high altitude; reanalyses; jet streams; intermittency

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Archer, C.L.; Caldeira, K. Global Assessment of High-Altitude Wind Power. Energies 2009, 2, 307-319.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top