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Application of Microalgae Biomass for Biodiesel Fuel Production

Agriculture Academy, Vytautas Magnus University, K. Donelaicio Str. 58, LT-44248 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Academic Editor: Giuseppe Torzillo
Energies 2022, 15(11), 4178; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15114178
Received: 16 May 2022 / Revised: 2 June 2022 / Accepted: 4 June 2022 / Published: 6 June 2022
Recently, there has been a growing interest in the use of new types of cheaper raw materials for biodiesel production. There are many prospects for microalgae, which do not compete for land with conventional biodiesel raw materials, are characterized by rapid reproduction and high biomass accumulation, and under certain conditions, some are able to accumulate a large amount of oil. A number of studies have been conducted on the extraction of oil from microalgae cells and transesterification with various acyl receptors. This paper provides an overview of the results of research on microalgal biomass preparation and oil extraction. Indicators of the quality of the oil are presented and its suitability for biodiesel synthesis is analyzed. The homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts used for oil transesterification are described and the optimal conditions of the process when using various alcohols as acyl receptors are presented. Much attention is paid to the parameters affecting the transesterification efficiency and biodiesel yield. The physical and chemical, and operational and environmental properties of biodiesel obtained from algae oil are analyzed. The evaluation of the economic efficiency of biodiesel synthesis is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgal biomass; oil extraction; transesterification; biodiesel; properties microalgal biomass; oil extraction; transesterification; biodiesel; properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Makareviciene, V.; Sendzikiene, E. Application of Microalgae Biomass for Biodiesel Fuel Production. Energies 2022, 15, 4178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15114178

AMA Style

Makareviciene V, Sendzikiene E. Application of Microalgae Biomass for Biodiesel Fuel Production. Energies. 2022; 15(11):4178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15114178

Chicago/Turabian Style

Makareviciene, Violeta, and Egle Sendzikiene. 2022. "Application of Microalgae Biomass for Biodiesel Fuel Production" Energies 15, no. 11: 4178. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15114178

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