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Open AccessArticle

A Multi-Objective Approach toward Optimal Design of Sustainable Integrated Biodiesel/Diesel Supply Chain Based on First- and Second-Generation Feedstock with Solid Waste Use

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Akad. G. Bontchev, Bl. 103, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Proceedings of the 23rd Conference on Process Integration, Modeling and Optimisation for Energy Saving and Pollution Reduction—PRES 2020, Xi’an, China, 17–21 August 2020.
Academic Editor: Jiří Jaromír Klemeš
Energies 2021, 14(8), 2261; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082261
Received: 23 February 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 13 April 2021 / Published: 17 April 2021
This study proposes a multi-objective approach for the optimal design of a sustainable Integrated Biodiesel/Diesel Supply Chain (IBDSC) based on first- (sunflower and rapeseed) and second-generation (waste cooking oil and animal fat) feedstocks with solid waste use. It includes mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) models of the economic, environmental and social impact of IBDSC, and respective criteria defined in terms of costs. The purpose is to obtain the optimal number, sizes and locations of bio-refineries and solid waste plants; the areas and amounts of feedstocks needed for biodiesel production; and the transportation mode. The approach is applied on a real case study in which the territory of Bulgaria with its 27 districts is considered. Optimization problems are formulated for a 5-year period using either environmental or economic criteria and the remainder are defined as constraints. The obtained results show that in the case of the economic criterion, 14% of the agricultural land should be used for sunflower and 2% for rapeseed cultivation, while for the environmental case, 12% should be used for rapeseed and 3% for sunflower. In this case, the price of biodiesel is 14% higher, and the generated pollutants are 6.6% lower. The optimal transport for both cases is rail. View Full-Text
Keywords: integrated biodiesel/diesel supply chain; optimal design; 1G and 2G feedstock; life cycle analysis; GHG emissions; solid waste use; economic, environmental and social criteria integrated biodiesel/diesel supply chain; optimal design; 1G and 2G feedstock; life cycle analysis; GHG emissions; solid waste use; economic, environmental and social criteria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ganev, E.; Ivanov, B.; Vaklieva-Bancheva, N.; Kirilova, E.; Dzhelil, Y. A Multi-Objective Approach toward Optimal Design of Sustainable Integrated Biodiesel/Diesel Supply Chain Based on First- and Second-Generation Feedstock with Solid Waste Use. Energies 2021, 14, 2261. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082261

AMA Style

Ganev E, Ivanov B, Vaklieva-Bancheva N, Kirilova E, Dzhelil Y. A Multi-Objective Approach toward Optimal Design of Sustainable Integrated Biodiesel/Diesel Supply Chain Based on First- and Second-Generation Feedstock with Solid Waste Use. Energies. 2021; 14(8):2261. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082261

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ganev, Evgeniy; Ivanov, Boyan; Vaklieva-Bancheva, Natasha; Kirilova, Elisaveta; Dzhelil, Yunzile. 2021. "A Multi-Objective Approach toward Optimal Design of Sustainable Integrated Biodiesel/Diesel Supply Chain Based on First- and Second-Generation Feedstock with Solid Waste Use" Energies 14, no. 8: 2261. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14082261

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