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Open AccessArticle

Sodium Tungsten Oxide Bronze Nanowires Bundles in Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye under UV and Visible Light Exposure

1
Key Laboratory of New Processing Technology for Nonferrous Metals and Materials, School of Resources, Environment and Materials, Guangxi University, Nanning 530004, China
2
College of Engineering, Mathematics and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX4 4PY, UK
3
School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang 11800, Malaysia
4
Advanced Materials Group, Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Trong-On Do
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1322; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051322
Received: 30 December 2020 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 1 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photo(electro)catalytic Water Splitting for H2 Production)
This paper describes the analysis and characterization of NayWOx bronze nanowires bundles and evaluation of their effective adsorption of methylene blue dye (MB). The Na-doped WOx bronze nanowires bundles were first synthesized via a simple solvothermal method, which were then fully characterized by using different techniques including TEM, XRD, XPS and UV-Vis, to validate the successful Na+ insertion into the WOx framework. The adsorption activities of the resulting NayWOx bronze nanowires bundles, compared with the undoped WOx form, were investigated by evaluating the adsorption effect on methylene blue under both UV and visible light irradiations. An enhanced adsorption performance of the Na-doped WOx bronze samples was recorded, which demonstrated a 90% of removal efficiency of the MB under different conditions (dark, visible and UV light). Moreover, the NayWOx bronze samples also offered a 4 times better kinetic rate of MB removal than the plain WOx nanowires. View Full-Text
Keywords: tungsten oxide nanowires bundles; methylene blue; adsorption properties; adsorbent tungsten oxide nanowires bundles; methylene blue; adsorption properties; adsorbent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thummavichai, K.; Thi, L.A.; Pung, S.-Y.; Ola, O.; Hussain, M.Z.; Chen, Y.; Xu, F.; Chen, W.; Wang, N.; Zhu, Y. Sodium Tungsten Oxide Bronze Nanowires Bundles in Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye under UV and Visible Light Exposure. Energies 2021, 14, 1322. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051322

AMA Style

Thummavichai K, Thi LA, Pung S-Y, Ola O, Hussain MZ, Chen Y, Xu F, Chen W, Wang N, Zhu Y. Sodium Tungsten Oxide Bronze Nanowires Bundles in Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye under UV and Visible Light Exposure. Energies. 2021; 14(5):1322. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051322

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thummavichai, Kunyapat; Thi, Le A.; Pung, Swee-Yong; Ola, Oluwafunmilola; Hussain, Mian Z.; Chen, Yu; Xu, Fang; Chen, Wenting; Wang, Nannan; Zhu, Yanqiu. 2021. "Sodium Tungsten Oxide Bronze Nanowires Bundles in Adsorption of Methylene Blue Dye under UV and Visible Light Exposure" Energies 14, no. 5: 1322. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051322

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