Next Article in Journal
Investigation of the Energy Evolution of Tectonic Coal under Triaxial Cyclic Loading with Different Loading Rates and the Underlying Mechanism
Previous Article in Journal
Legitimacy of the Local Thermal Equilibrium Hypothesis in Porous Media: A Comprehensive Review
Article

The Impact of Process Heat on the Decarbonisation Potential of Offshore Installations by Hybrid Energy Systems

Department of Energy and Process Engineering, NTNU Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7491 Trondheim, Norway
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Praveen Cheekatamarla and Sandro Nizetic
Energies 2021, 14(23), 8123; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238123
Received: 20 October 2021 / Revised: 20 November 2021 / Accepted: 30 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
An opportunity to decarbonise the offshore oil and gas sector lies in the integration of renewable energy sources with energy storage in a hybrid energy system (HES). Such concept enables maximising the exploitation of carbon-free renewable power, while minimising the emissions associated with conventional power generation systems such as gas turbines. Offshore plants, in addition to electrical and mechanical power, also require process heat for their operation. Solutions that provide low-emission heat in parallel to power are necessary to reach a very high degree of decarbonisation. This paper investigates different options to supply process heat in offshore HES, while the electric power is mostly covered by a wind turbine. All HES configurations include energy storage in the form of hydrogen tied to proton exchange membrane (PEM) electrolysers and fuel cells stacks. As a basis for comparison, a standard configuration relying solely on a gas turbine and a waste heat recovery unit is considered. A HES combined with a waste heat recovery unit to supply heat proved efficient when low renewable power capacity is integrated but unable to deliver a total CO2 emission reduction higher than around 40%. Alternative configurations, such as the utilization of gas-fired or electric heaters, become more competitive at large installed renewable capacity, approaching CO2 emission reductions of up to 80%. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid system; offshore wind; energy storage; carbon dioxide footprint; hydrogen hybrid system; offshore wind; energy storage; carbon dioxide footprint; hydrogen
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Riboldi, L.; Pilarczyk, M.; Nord, L.O. The Impact of Process Heat on the Decarbonisation Potential of Offshore Installations by Hybrid Energy Systems. Energies 2021, 14, 8123. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238123

AMA Style

Riboldi L, Pilarczyk M, Nord LO. The Impact of Process Heat on the Decarbonisation Potential of Offshore Installations by Hybrid Energy Systems. Energies. 2021; 14(23):8123. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238123

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riboldi, Luca, Marcin Pilarczyk, and Lars O. Nord. 2021. "The Impact of Process Heat on the Decarbonisation Potential of Offshore Installations by Hybrid Energy Systems" Energies 14, no. 23: 8123. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14238123

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop