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Numerical Investigation of Performance Enhancement of the S809 Airfoil and Phase VI Wind Turbine Blade Using Co-Flow Jet Technology

National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Aerodynamic Design and Research, School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
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Academic Editor: Andrzej Bielecki
Energies 2021, 14(21), 6933; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216933
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 18 October 2021 / Accepted: 20 October 2021 / Published: 21 October 2021
Making full use of wind energy can effectively alleviate the global energy shortage and environment contamination problems. Nevertheless, how to significantly improve the performance of the wind turbine airfoil and blade is a crucial issue. As the novel flow control method, the co-flow jet (CFJ) technology is one of the most potential methods to solve this problem. Thus, the effects of the CFJ technology on the performance enhancement of the S809 airfoil and Phase VI wind turbine blade are explored in this study. Furthermore, the effects of the injection location and jet momentum coefficient are studied, and an adaptive jet momentum coefficient strategy of the CFJ technology is proposed. Results demonstrate that the CFJ technology can significantly improve the maximum lift coefficient and maximum corrected lift-to-drag ratio of the S809 airfoil. Moreover, the power coefficient of the Phase VI wind turbine blade at the low tip speed ratio is greatly enhanced as well. In particular, the maximum lift coefficient and maximum corrected lift-to-drag ratio of the typical S809 CFJ airfoil with adaptive Cμ are improved by 119.7% and 36.2%, respectively. The maximum power coefficient of CFJ blade can be increased by 4.5%, and the power coefficient of CFJ blade can be boosted by 226.7% when the tip speed ratio is 1.52. View Full-Text
Keywords: co-flow jet; S809 airfoil; Phase VI; wind turbine blade; active flow control; performance enhancement co-flow jet; S809 airfoil; Phase VI; wind turbine blade; active flow control; performance enhancement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, S.; Yang, X.; Song, B. Numerical Investigation of Performance Enhancement of the S809 Airfoil and Phase VI Wind Turbine Blade Using Co-Flow Jet Technology. Energies 2021, 14, 6933. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216933

AMA Style

Zhang S, Yang X, Song B. Numerical Investigation of Performance Enhancement of the S809 Airfoil and Phase VI Wind Turbine Blade Using Co-Flow Jet Technology. Energies. 2021; 14(21):6933. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216933

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Shunlei, Xudong Yang, and Bifeng Song. 2021. "Numerical Investigation of Performance Enhancement of the S809 Airfoil and Phase VI Wind Turbine Blade Using Co-Flow Jet Technology" Energies 14, no. 21: 6933. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14216933

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