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Review

A Review on Failure Modes of Wind Turbine Components

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Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
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Mechanical Engineering and Design, School of Engineering and Applied Science, Aston University, Aston Triangle, Birmingham B4 7ET, UK
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Chemical Engineering Program, Texas A&M University at Qatar, Doha 23874, Qatar
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Centre for Advanced Materials Research, University of Sharjah, Sharjah P.O. Box 27272, United Arab Emirates
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Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Minya 61519, Egypt
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, Wulfruna St, Wolverhampton WV1 1LY, UK
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Castellani
Energies 2021, 14(17), 5241; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175241
Received: 26 May 2021 / Revised: 30 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 August 2021 / Published: 24 August 2021
To meet the increasing energy demand, renewable energy is considered the best option. Its patronage is being encouraged by both the research and industrial community. The main driving force for most renewable systems is solar energy. It is abundant and pollutant free compared to fossil products. Wind energy is also considered an abundant medium of energy generation and often goes hand in hand with solar energy. The last few decades have seen a sudden surge in wind energy compared to solar energy due to most wind energy systems being cost effective compared to solar energy. Wind turbines are often categorised as large or small depending on their application and energy generation output. Sustainable materials for construction of different parts of wind turbines are being encouraged to lower the cost of the system. The turbine blades and generators perform crucial roles in the overall operation of the turbines; hence, their material composition is very critical. Today, most turbine blades are made up of natural fiber-reinforced polymer (NFRP) as well as glass fiber-reinforced polymer (GFRP). Others are also made from wood and some metallic materials. Each of the materials introduced has specific characteristics that affect the system’s efficiency. This investigation explores the influence of these materials on turbine efficiency. Observations have shown that composites reinforced with nanomaterials have excellent mechanical characteristics. Carbon nanotubes have unique characteristics that may make them valuable in wind turbine blades in the future. It is possible to strengthen carbon nanotubes with various kinds of resins to get a variety of different characteristics. Similarly, the end-of-life treatment methods for composite materials is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: composite material; turbine blade; failure mode; cost analysis composite material; turbine blade; failure mode; cost analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olabi, A.G.; Wilberforce, T.; Elsaid, K.; Sayed, E.T.; Salameh, T.; Abdelkareem, M.A.; Baroutaji, A. A Review on Failure Modes of Wind Turbine Components. Energies 2021, 14, 5241. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175241

AMA Style

Olabi AG, Wilberforce T, Elsaid K, Sayed ET, Salameh T, Abdelkareem MA, Baroutaji A. A Review on Failure Modes of Wind Turbine Components. Energies. 2021; 14(17):5241. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175241

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olabi, Abdul G., Tabbi Wilberforce, Khaled Elsaid, Enas T. Sayed, Tareq Salameh, Mohammad A. Abdelkareem, and Ahmad Baroutaji. 2021. "A Review on Failure Modes of Wind Turbine Components" Energies 14, no. 17: 5241. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14175241

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