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Article

Evaluation of the Impact of Weather-Related Limitations on the Installation of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers

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Planning and Control of Production and Logistics Systems (PSPS), Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, c/o BIBA, Hochschulring 20, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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BIBA—Bremer Institut für Produktion und Logistik, Hochschulring 20, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Institute for Integrated Product Development (BIK), Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, Badgasteiner Straße 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
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Energy and Sustainability Research Institute Groningen, University of Groningen, 9747 Groningen, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: José A. F. O. Correia
Energies 2021, 14(13), 3778; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133778
Received: 30 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 23 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section A3: Wind, Wave and Tidal Energy)
Weather conditions have a significant impact on the installation of offshore wind turbines. The rules for installation set clear limits. These limits are usually based on estimations of various experts and not on real assumptions and measurements on-site. When wind speeds and wave heights are too high, work cannot be carried out, and this leads to delays and additional costs. Therefore, we have carried out a measurement campaign during the installation of rotor blades to investigate to which extent the limits can be adjusted by using a tuned mass damper. The results from the measurement campaign—specifically empirically derived significant wave height limits—are used in a discrete event simulation. This study simulates delays resulting from weather conditions. Based on this, the total installation costs are considered. The results of the measurement campaign show that a safe installation with the use of a damper is possible at wave heights of up to 1.6 m. With the discrete event simulation, it is possible to prove that 17.9% can be saved for the costs of the installation vessel. In addition, the wind farm could be erected 32 days faster. Thus, it can be stated that the use of a tuned mass damper simplifies the installation from a technical point of view and is economical. View Full-Text
Keywords: offshore wind energy; installation planning of offshore wind parks; discrete event simulation; measurements; weather influences offshore wind energy; installation planning of offshore wind parks; discrete event simulation; measurements; weather influences
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oelker, S.; Sander, A.; Kreutz, M.; Ait-Alla, A.; Freitag, M. Evaluation of the Impact of Weather-Related Limitations on the Installation of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers. Energies 2021, 14, 3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133778

AMA Style

Oelker S, Sander A, Kreutz M, Ait-Alla A, Freitag M. Evaluation of the Impact of Weather-Related Limitations on the Installation of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers. Energies. 2021; 14(13):3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133778

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oelker, Stephan, Aljoscha Sander, Markus Kreutz, Abderrahim Ait-Alla, and Michael Freitag. 2021. "Evaluation of the Impact of Weather-Related Limitations on the Installation of Offshore Wind Turbine Towers" Energies 14, no. 13: 3778. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133778

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