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Open AccessArticle

Energy Footprint of Mechanized Agricultural Operations

1
Center for Research and Technology Hellas (CERTH), Institute for Bio-Economy and Agri-technology (IBO), 6th km Charilaou-Thermi Rd., 57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
2
School of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
3
Department of Engineering, Aarhus University, Blichers Allé 20, P.O. Box 50, 8830 Tjele, Denmark
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(3), 769; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13030769
Received: 19 December 2019 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 10 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Supply Chain Management for Bioenergy and Bioresources)
The calculation of the energy cost of a cultivation is a determining factor in the overall assessment of agricultural sustainability. Most studies mainly examine the entire life cycle of the operation, considering reference values and reference databases for the determination of the machinery contribution to the overall energy balance. This study presents a modelling methodology for the precise calculation of the energy cost of performing an agricultural operation. The model incorporates operational management into the calculation, while simultaneously considering the commercially available machinery (implements and tractors). As a case study, the operation of tillage was used considering both primary and secondary tillage (moldboard plow and field cultivator, respectively). The results show the importance of including specific operation parameters and the available machinery as part of determining the accurate total energy consumption, even though the field size and available time do not have a significant effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: agricultural operations; energy use; assessment tool; workability; machinery agricultural operations; energy use; assessment tool; workability; machinery
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lampridi, M.; Kateris, D.; Sørensen, C.G.; Bochtis, D. Energy Footprint of Mechanized Agricultural Operations. Energies 2020, 13, 769.

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