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Open AccessArticle

Distributed Battery Energy Storage Co-Operation for Renewable Energy Sources Integration

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Technology, School of Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, Behrend College, Erie, PA 16563, USA
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2V4, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(20), 5517; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205517
Received: 20 September 2020 / Revised: 13 October 2020 / Accepted: 17 October 2020 / Published: 21 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Complex System Simulation, Design, and Optimisation)
This paper presents a multiagent system (MAS) day-ahead co-operation framework between renewable energy resources (RESs) and Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESSs) owned by different stakeholders. BESSs offer their storage services to RESs by shifting RES power to sell it during profitable peak-hours (aka; time-shifting). The MAS framework consists of three phases. Phase-one is a pre-auction phase that defines the maximum charging and discharging BESS power limits. These limits guarantee a reliable distribution system operation without violating the buses’ voltage limits or the ampacity of the branches. Phase-two is an auctioning phase between the BESS-agents and the RES-agents. Each agent has a different owner with a specific profit agenda and risk levels. The agent tries to maximize the profit potential of the owner. The agents use historical trade data and expected weather conditions to maximize profitability. Phase-three is called the post-auctioning phase, in which the agreement between the BESS- and RES-agents is finalized, and the agents are ready for another 3-phases trade. Case studies compare different auctioning strategies and prove the effectiveness of the proposed MAS system. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy trading; multiagent system (MAS); energy management; energy storage systems; smart grid; time-shifting energy trading; multiagent system (MAS); energy management; energy storage systems; smart grid; time-shifting
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MDPI and ACS Style

Abdeltawab, H.M.; Mohamed, Y.A.I. Distributed Battery Energy Storage Co-Operation for Renewable Energy Sources Integration. Energies 2020, 13, 5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205517

AMA Style

Abdeltawab HM, Mohamed YAI. Distributed Battery Energy Storage Co-Operation for Renewable Energy Sources Integration. Energies. 2020; 13(20):5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205517

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abdeltawab, Hussein M.; Mohamed, Yasser A.I. 2020. "Distributed Battery Energy Storage Co-Operation for Renewable Energy Sources Integration" Energies 13, no. 20: 5517. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13205517

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