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Article

Combustion Characteristics of Hydrochar and Pyrochar Derived from Digested Sewage Sludge

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Department of Conversion Technologies of Biobased Resources, Institute of Agricultural Engineering, University of Hohenheim, Garbenstrasse 9, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany
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Thermochemical Processes Group (GPT), Aragón Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), Universidad de Zaragoza, Edificio I+D, C/Mariano Esquillor s/n, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain
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Grupo de Reactores Químicos y Procesos para la Valorización de Recursos Renovables, Departamento de Ciencias, Edificio de los Acebos, Universidad Pública de Navarra, Campus de Arrosadía, E-31006 Pamplona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(16), 4164; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13164164
Received: 3 July 2020 / Revised: 6 August 2020 / Accepted: 8 August 2020 / Published: 12 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrothermal Technology in Biomass, Utilization & Conversion II)
In this paper, hydrochars and pyrochars were produced at 260 °C under different residence times (2 and 4 h) using anaerobic digested sewage sludge (SSL) as initial feedstock. The effect of reaction time on the fuel properties of hydrochars and pyrochars was evaluated. Moreover, the combustion kinetics of raw SSL and the derived pyrochars and hydrochars without coal blending were determined at two different air flows (20 and 90 mL/min) and compared. In the same conditions, the yield of hydrochar was significantly lower than that of pyrochar, confirming the different reaction pathways followed in each process. The results showed hydrochars have lower carbon recovery and energy yield than pyrochars, making the latter more suitable for energy purposes. The thermogravimetric combustion study showed that both thermochemical treatments increased the ignition temperature but decreased the burnout temperature, which results in higher stability during handling and storage. However, raw SSL is better for combustion than hydrochar according to the combustibility index. In addition, the kinetic study showed that the activation energy of the combustion of biochars, especially pyrochar, is lower than that of raw SSL, which is advantageous for their combustion. View Full-Text
Keywords: sewage sludge; hydrothermal carbonization; slow pyrolysis; combustion characteristics; combustion kinetics sewage sludge; hydrothermal carbonization; slow pyrolysis; combustion characteristics; combustion kinetics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Arauzo, P.J.; Atienza-Martínez, M.; Ábrego, J.; Olszewski, M.P.; Cao, Z.; Kruse, A. Combustion Characteristics of Hydrochar and Pyrochar Derived from Digested Sewage Sludge. Energies 2020, 13, 4164. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13164164

AMA Style

Arauzo PJ, Atienza-Martínez M, Ábrego J, Olszewski MP, Cao Z, Kruse A. Combustion Characteristics of Hydrochar and Pyrochar Derived from Digested Sewage Sludge. Energies. 2020; 13(16):4164. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13164164

Chicago/Turabian Style

Arauzo, Pablo J., María Atienza-Martínez, Javier Ábrego, Maciej P. Olszewski, Zebin Cao, and Andrea Kruse. 2020. "Combustion Characteristics of Hydrochar and Pyrochar Derived from Digested Sewage Sludge" Energies 13, no. 16: 4164. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13164164

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