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Open AccessArticle

Review and Mapping of Parameters for the Early Stage Design of Adaptive Building Technologies through Life Cycle Assessment Tools

1
Department of History, Representation and Restoration, University La Sapienza, 00186 Roma, Italy
2
Department of Architecture, Technical University of Munich, 80333 München, Germany
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Department of Planning, Design, and Technology of Architecture, University La Sapienza, 00196 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(9), 1729; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12091729
Received: 3 April 2019 / Revised: 25 April 2019 / Accepted: 3 May 2019 / Published: 7 May 2019
Adaptive Building Technologies have opened up a growing field of architectural research aimed at improving the overall building performance, ensuring comfort while reducing operational energy consumption. Focusing on flexibility over short timeframes, these new technologies are however rarely designed within the broader frame of sustainability over their entire lifecycle. How sustainable these zero energy technologies really are is yet to be established. The purpose of the research is to develop a flexible easy-to-use Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) tool to support creative innovation and sustainable design choices in the early concept and design stages of Adaptive Building Technologies. This paper reports on the results of the first step of the research, providing a mapping in terms of structure and contents of the parameters involved in the design of these technologies. Addressed from a holistic point of view, the elements of the system were defined though a qualitative approach: relevant parameters were collected through document analysis, reviewing the state-of-the-art technology through online databases as ScienceDirect, Scopus, MDPI, ResearchGate, and organized according to hierarchy and relevance in the different life cycle stages. As a result, the paper identifies (1) relevant parameters defining the design of Adaptive Building Technologies; (2) materials, processes and concepts specific to the design of these technologies, as compared to conventional building technologies; (3) issues and knowledge gaps to enable successive research phases; (4) specific actions in each life cycle stage for designers and producers to optimize the design of the technology. The mapping graphically and hierarchically organizes the elements of the system within a flexible structure to be implemented and integrated over time, as the technology evolves, to support parametric design and enable alternative design concepts to arise within a cradle-to-cradle perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: LCA; building technologies; adaptive; autoreactive; zero energy; systematic; mapping; sustainable architecture; design parameters LCA; building technologies; adaptive; autoreactive; zero energy; systematic; mapping; sustainable architecture; design parameters
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Battisti, A.; Persiani, S.G.L.; Crespi, M. Review and Mapping of Parameters for the Early Stage Design of Adaptive Building Technologies through Life Cycle Assessment Tools. Energies 2019, 12, 1729.

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