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Numerical Investigation on the Effects of Airfoil Leading Edge Radius on the Aerodynamic Performance of H-Rotor Darrieus Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

1
School of Electrical Engineering, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
2
School of Information Science and Technology, Nantong University, Nantong 226019, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(19), 3794; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12193794
Received: 21 August 2019 / Revised: 29 September 2019 / Accepted: 1 October 2019 / Published: 8 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
This paper numerically investigates the effects of airfoil leading edge radius on the aerodynamic characteristics of H-rotor Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT). 10 modified airfoils are generated by changing the leading edge radius of the base NACA 0015 airfoil from 1%c to 9%c, respectively. A 2D unsteady Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model is established and validated with the previously published experimental data. The power, torque, and flow field characteristics of the rotors are analyzed. The results indicate that the maximum and minimum power coefficient at the optimum tip speed ratio (TSR) are obtained for the LE-5%c and LE-1%c model, respectively. The best aerodynamic characteristics are determined by the LE-5%c model below the optimum TSR and the LE-3%c model beyond the optimum TSR. The torque characteristics and pressure distribution for the single blades with different airfoil leading edge radius show an obvious difference in the upwind region and a very small difference in the downwind region. Moreover, the airfoil leading edge radius influences the strength, region, and diffusion rate of the vortices, being the main reason for the observed differences in instantaneous torque coefficient and power coefficient. The vortices of the LE-1%c model are stronger, larger, and diffuse slower than those of the LE-2%c and LE-5%c model at the optimum TSR. View Full-Text
Keywords: VAWT; airfoil modification; leading edge radius; aerodynamic performance; numerical simulation VAWT; airfoil modification; leading edge radius; aerodynamic performance; numerical simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Song, C.; Wu, G.; Zhu, W.; Zhang, X.; Zhao, J. Numerical Investigation on the Effects of Airfoil Leading Edge Radius on the Aerodynamic Performance of H-Rotor Darrieus Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. Energies 2019, 12, 3794.

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