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Review

Overview of Recent Advancements in the Microbial Fuel Cell from Fundamentals to Applications: Design, Major Elements, and Scalability

1
Department of Biological Environment, Kangwon National University, Gangwon-do, Chuncheon 24341, Korea
2
Center of Excellence in Environmental Studies, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
3
Center of Excellence in Environmental Studies, Department of Chemistry, College of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
4
Green Energy Institute, 177 Samhyangcheon-ro, Mokpo, Jeollanam-do 58656, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(17), 3390; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12173390
Received: 25 June 2019 / Revised: 17 August 2019 / Accepted: 29 August 2019 / Published: 3 September 2019
Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technology offers an alternative means for producing energy from waste products. In this review, several characteristics of MFC technology that make it revolutionary will be highlighted. First, a brief history presents how bioelectrochemical systems have advanced, ultimately describing the development of microbial fuel cells. Second, the focus is shifted to the attributes that enable MFCs to work efficiently. Next, follows the design of various MFC systems in use including their components and how they are assembled, along with an explanation of how they work. Finally, microbial fuel cell designs and types of main configurations used are presented along with the scalability of the technology for proper application. The present review shows importance of design and elements to reduce energy loss for scaling up the MFC system including the type of electrode, shape of the single reactor, electrical connection method, stack direction, and modulation. These aspects precede making economically applicable large-scale MFCs (over 1 m3 scale) a reality. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbial fuel cell; design; energy generation; scaling up; stack microbial fuel cell; design; energy generation; scaling up; stack
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MDPI and ACS Style

Flimban, S.G.A.; Ismail, I.M.I.; Kim, T.; Oh, S.-E. Overview of Recent Advancements in the Microbial Fuel Cell from Fundamentals to Applications: Design, Major Elements, and Scalability. Energies 2019, 12, 3390. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12173390

AMA Style

Flimban SGA, Ismail IMI, Kim T, Oh S-E. Overview of Recent Advancements in the Microbial Fuel Cell from Fundamentals to Applications: Design, Major Elements, and Scalability. Energies. 2019; 12(17):3390. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12173390

Chicago/Turabian Style

Flimban, Sami G.A.; Ismail, Iqbal M.I.; Kim, Taeyoung; Oh, Sang-Eun. 2019. "Overview of Recent Advancements in the Microbial Fuel Cell from Fundamentals to Applications: Design, Major Elements, and Scalability" Energies 12, no. 17: 3390. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12173390

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