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Lattice Boltzmann Simulation for the Forming Process of Artificial Frozen Soil Wall

Faculty of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China
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Energies 2019, 12(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010046
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 17 December 2018 / Accepted: 19 December 2018 / Published: 24 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geomechanics for Energy and a Sustainable Environment)
A lattice Boltzmann model is proposed to simulate the forming process of artificial frozen soil wall. The enthalpy method is applied to deal with the latent-heat source term, and the adjustable thermal diffusivity is utilized to handle the change of thermophysical parameters. The model is tested by the heat conduction with solid–liquid phase change in semi-infinite space, which shows a good consistence between the numerical and analytical solutions, and the mesh resolution has little effect on the numerical results. Lastly, the development of frozen soil wall is discussed when the freezing pipes are arranged in a square. The results show that the evolution of temperature field with time is closely related to the distance from the freezing pipe. For the soil near freezing pipe, the temperature gradient is larger, the soil temperature drops rapidly and freezes in a short time. The time history curve of temperature is relatively smooth. For the soil far away from freezing pipe, the temperature evolution curve has obvious multistage, which can be divided into four stages: cooling, phase change, partly frozen and completely frozen. The spacing of freezing pipes has a significant influence on the overlapping time of artificial frozen soil wall, and there is a power function relationship between them. View Full-Text
Keywords: lattice Boltzmann method; artificial frozen soil wall; temperature field; phase change; numerical simulation lattice Boltzmann method; artificial frozen soil wall; temperature field; phase change; numerical simulation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shen, L.; Wang, Z.; Wang, P.; Xin, L. Lattice Boltzmann Simulation for the Forming Process of Artificial Frozen Soil Wall. Energies 2019, 12, 46. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010046

AMA Style

Shen L, Wang Z, Wang P, Xin L. Lattice Boltzmann Simulation for the Forming Process of Artificial Frozen Soil Wall. Energies. 2019; 12(1):46. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010046

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shen, Linfang; Wang, Zhiliang; Wang, Pengyu; Xin, Libin. 2019. "Lattice Boltzmann Simulation for the Forming Process of Artificial Frozen Soil Wall" Energies 12, no. 1: 46. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010046

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