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Energies 2018, 11(9), 2411; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092411

Transparency of a Geographically Distributed Test Platform for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Powertrain Systems Based on X-in-the-Loop Approach

1
School of Automotive Studies, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
2
National Fuel Cell Vehicle and Powertrain System Engineering Research Center, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China
3
Institute of Product Engineering (IPEK), Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 7 September 2018 / Published: 12 September 2018
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Abstract

X-in-the-loop is a new vehicle development and validation method for increasingly complex vehicle systems, which integrates the driver and the environment. In view of recent developments in fuel cell electric vehicle powertrain systems, Tongji University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have jointly developed a set of distributed test platforms based on the X-in-the-loop approach. This platform contains models and test equipment for a fuel cell electric vehicle powertrain system. Due to the involvement of remote connection and the Internet, test with connected test benches will suffer great uncertainty cause of signal transfer delay. To figure out this uncertainty, the concept of transparency is introduced. Four parameters were selected as transparency parameters in this distributed test platform. These include vehicle speed, fuel cell output power, battery output power, and electric motor torque under several different configuration settings. With the help of transparency theory and statistical methodology, especially Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), the transparency of these four parameters was established, vehicle speed, electric motor torque, battery power, and fuel cell power are affected by network state, the degree of influence is enhanced in turn. Using new defined parametric and non-parametric methods, this paper identifies the statistical significance and the transparency limitations caused by Internet under these several configurations. These methods will generate inputs for developer setting the distributed test configuration. These results will contribute to optimize the process of geographically distributed validation and joint development. View Full-Text
Keywords: X-in-the-loop; fuel cell electric vehicle; powertrain system; distributed test platform; transparency; nonparametric detection X-in-the-loop; fuel cell electric vehicle; powertrain system; distributed test platform; transparency; nonparametric detection
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Niu, W.; Song, K.; Xiao, Q.; Behrendt, M.; Albers, A.; Zhang, T. Transparency of a Geographically Distributed Test Platform for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Powertrain Systems Based on X-in-the-Loop Approach. Energies 2018, 11, 2411.

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