Next Article in Journal
Investigation on the Application of NMR to Spontaneous Imbibition Recovery of Tight Sandstones: An Experimental Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Implementation Strategy of Convolution Neural Networks on Field Programmable Gate Arrays for Appliance Classification Using the Voltage and Current (V-I) Trajectory
Previous Article in Journal
Simulation of Fluid-Thermal Field in Oil-Immersed Transformer Winding Based on Dimensionless Least-Squares and Upwind Finite Element Method
Previous Article in Special Issue
Optimisation of Tray Drier Microalgae Dewatering Techniques Using Response Surface Methodology
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2358; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092358

Review of Reactors with Potential Use in Thermochemical Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Power Plants

1
GREiA Research Group, INSPIRES Research Centre, University of Lleida, Pere de Cabrera s/n, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Construction, Universitat Jaume I, Campus del Riu Sec s/n, 12071 Castelló de la Plana, Spain
3
Department of Materials Science and Physical-Chemistry, Universitat de Barcelona, Martí i Franqués 1, 08028 Barcelona, Spain
4
BCES (Birmingham Centre of Energy Storage), School of Chemical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
5
Abengoa, C/Energía Solar 1, 41012-Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2018 / Revised: 22 August 2018 / Accepted: 3 September 2018 / Published: 6 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 10 Years Energies - Horizon 2028)
Full-Text   |   PDF [7879 KB, uploaded 6 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

The aim of this study is to perform a review of the state-of-the-art of the reactors available in the literature, which are used for solid–gas reactions or thermal decomposition processes around 1000 °C that could be further implemented for thermochemical energy storage in CSP (concentrated solar power) plants, specifically for SPT (solar power tower) technology. Both direct and indirect systems can be implemented, with direct and closed systems being the most studied ones. Among direct and closed systems, the most used configuration is the stacked bed reactor, with the fixed bed reactor being the most frequent option. Out of all of the reactors studied, almost 70% are used for solid–gas chemical reactions. Few data are available regarding solar efficiency in most of the processes, and the available information indicates relatively low values. Chemical reaction efficiencies show better values, especially in the case of a fluidized bed reactor for solid–gas chemical reactions, and fixed bed and rotary reactors for thermal decompositions. View Full-Text
Keywords: high temperature; concentrated solar power (CSP); thermochemical energy storage (TCM); solid–gas reactors; review high temperature; concentrated solar power (CSP); thermochemical energy storage (TCM); solid–gas reactors; review
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Zsembinszki, G.; Solé, A.; Barreneche, C.; Prieto, C.; Fernández, A.I.; Cabeza, L.F. Review of Reactors with Potential Use in Thermochemical Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Power Plants. Energies 2018, 11, 2358.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top