Next Article in Journal
Deducing the Optimal Control Method for Electrochromic Triple Glazing through an Integrated Evaluation of Building Energy and Daylight Performance
Previous Article in Journal
Research on Discrete Fourier Transform-Based Phasor Measurement Algorithm for Distribution Network under High Frequency Sampling
Open AccessReview

A Review of Urban Wind Energy Research: Aerodynamics and Other Challenges

1
Department of Environmental Design, Faculty for the Built Environment, University of Malta, 2080 MSD Msida, Malta
2
Aerodynamics, Wind Energy, Flight Performance and Propulsion, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, TU Delft, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(9), 2204; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11092204
Received: 21 July 2018 / Revised: 16 August 2018 / Accepted: 17 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
Urban wind energy research is crucial for the success or failure of wind turbines installed in the built environment. Research in this field is fragmented into various research groups working on different topics in isolation with seemingly few efforts of integrating the various fields. This review aims at highlighting the synergies between the various advances, particularly in aerodynamics, but also in other areas. Past and current work has been focused on establishing reliable wind statistics at the site of interest. Advances in building aerodynamics have provided new insight on the local flow occurring at the rotor location. An outlook toward future research and the need to treat the different flow scales in a holistic manner is emphasized given also the recent advances in rotor aerodynamics related to the effect of flow skewness and turbulence. This will shed light on the critical issues that need to be addressed by scientists in order to make urban wind energy viable for decentralized generation. Various other present challenges are discussed briefly including structural aspects, noise emissions, economics and visual impact. Research in this field should be the guidepost for more targeted certification standards, in an effort to regularize the small wind energy market. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban wind energy; wind resource; small-scale wind turbine; Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT); Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT); building integrated wind energy urban wind energy; wind resource; small-scale wind turbine; Vertical Axis Wind Turbine (VAWT); Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine (HAWT); building integrated wind energy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Micallef, D.; Van Bussel, G. A Review of Urban Wind Energy Research: Aerodynamics and Other Challenges. Energies 2018, 11, 2204.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop