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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1846; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071846

Assessing the Demand Side Management Potential and the Energy Flexibility of Heat Pumps in Buildings

1
Università eCampus, via Isimbardi 10, 22060 Novedrate (CO), Italy
2
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale e Scienze Matematiche, Università Politecnica delle Marche, via brecce bianche 1, 60131 Ancona, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 June 2018 / Revised: 8 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 14 July 2018
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Abstract

The energy demand in buildings represents a considerable share of the overall energy use. Given the significance and acknowledged flexibility of thermostatically controlled loads, they represent an interesting option for the implementation of demand side management (DSM) strategies. In this paper, an overview of the possible DSM applications in the field of air conditioning and heat pumps is provided. In particular, the focus is on the heat pump sector. Three case studies are analyzed in order to assess the energy flexibility provided by DSM technologies classified as energy efficient devices, energy storage systems, and demand response programs. The load shifting potential, in terms of power and time, is evaluated by varying the system configuration. Main findings show that energy efficient devices perform strategic conservation and peak shaving strategies, energy storage systems perform load shifting, while demand response programs perform peak shaving and valley filling strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: demand side management (DSM); energy efficiency; energy storage; demand response (DR); flexibility demand side management (DSM); energy efficiency; energy storage; demand response (DR); flexibility
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Arteconi, A.; Polonara, F. Assessing the Demand Side Management Potential and the Energy Flexibility of Heat Pumps in Buildings. Energies 2018, 11, 1846.

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