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Energies 2018, 11(7), 1757; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11071757

An Experimental Investigation on Flame Pulsation for a Swirl Non-Premixed Combustion

National Thermal Power Engineering & Technology Research Center, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
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Received: 12 June 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 28 June 2018 / Published: 4 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Fundamentals and Conversion)
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Abstract

Flame pulsation has a significant effect on combustion, and understanding its oscillatory behavior is important to the combustion community. An experiment was performed to analyze the pulsation characteristics of a swirl non-premixed flame under various parameters. The results showed that as fuel mass flow rate increased, the puffing frequency increased due to the decreased flame radiation fraction, and the puffing amplitude became smaller resulting in a more stable flame. With an increase in combustor pressure, the flickering frequency declined because of the increasing soot radiation, while the flickering amplitude uniformly increased, leading to more deteriorative flame stability. With an increment in mass flow rate of primary air, the puffing frequency decreased due to the enhanced mixing between fuel and primary air. Also, the puffing amplitude had an oscillating relationship with the mass flow rate of primary air. When the exit velocity of the injector was increased, the flickering frequency diminished nearly linearly because of the improving swirl intensity, and the flickering amplitude was approximately unaffected by injector exit velocity. Moreover, the measured puffing frequencies summarized over all cases varied within the range of 3–22 Hz, the predicted values from theoretical models based on non-swirl flame also fell within this range. The puffing frequency of swirl combustion was more sensitive to the variation in operating conditions than that of non-swirl combustion. Additionally, the obtained correlations indicated that the Strouhal number St was proportional to Fr−1.4 (the Froude number) and Re−2.9 (the Reynolds number), respectively. View Full-Text
Keywords: flame pulsation; swirl non-premixed combustion; flame dynamics; puffing frequency and amplitude; effects of operating parameters flame pulsation; swirl non-premixed combustion; flame dynamics; puffing frequency and amplitude; effects of operating parameters
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Xi, Z.; Fu, Z.; Hu, X.; Sabir, S.W.; Jiang, Y. An Experimental Investigation on Flame Pulsation for a Swirl Non-Premixed Combustion. Energies 2018, 11, 1757.

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