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A Hydropower Biological Evaluation Toolset (HBET) for Characterizing Hydraulic Conditions and Impacts of Hydro-Structures on Fish

1
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Energy & Environment Directorate, Richland, WA 99352, USA
2
School of Engineering & Applied Sciences, Washington State University Tri-Cities, 2710 Crimson Way, Richland, WA 99354, USA
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
4
School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, 1325 Fourth Avenue, Suite 1820, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(4), 990; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11040990
Received: 25 March 2018 / Revised: 14 April 2018 / Accepted: 16 April 2018 / Published: 19 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Energy)
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Abstract

Approximately 16% of the world’s electricity and over 80% of the world’s renewable electricity is generated from hydropower resources, and there is potential for developing significantly more new hydropower capacity. In practice, however, optimizing the use of potential hydropower resources is limited by various factors, including environmental effects and related mitigation requirements. That is why hydropower regulatory requirements frequently call for targets to be met regarding fish injury and mortality rates. The sensor fish (SF) is a small autonomous sensor package that can be deployed through complex hydraulic structures, such as a turbine or spillway, to collect high resolution measurements that describe the forces and motions that live fish would encounter. The Hydropower Biological Evaluation Toolset (HBET), an integrated suite of science-based tools, is designed to use the SF (implemented) and other tools (to be implemented in the future) to characterize the hydraulic conditions of hydropower structures and provide quantitative estimates of fish injury and mortality rates resulting from exposure to various physical stressors including strike, pressure, and shear. HBET enables users to design new studies, analyze data, perform statistical analyses, and evaluate biological responses. It can be used by researchers, turbine designers, hydropower operators, and regulators to design and operate hydropower systems that minimize ecological impacts in a cost-effective manner. In this paper, we discuss the technical methodologies and algorithms implemented in HBET and describe a case study that illustrates its functionalities. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable hydropower; hydroelectric turbine; fish injury; fish friendly turbine sustainable hydropower; hydroelectric turbine; fish injury; fish friendly turbine
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hou, H.; Deng, Z.D.; Martinez, J.J.; Fu, T.; Duncan, J.P.; Johnson, G.E.; Lu, J.; Skalski, J.R.; Townsend, R.L.; Tan, L. A Hydropower Biological Evaluation Toolset (HBET) for Characterizing Hydraulic Conditions and Impacts of Hydro-Structures on Fish. Energies 2018, 11, 990.

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