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Energies 2018, 11(4), 856; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11040856

3D Simulation of a Loss of Vacuum Accident (LOVA) in ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor): Evaluation of Static Pressure, Mach Number, and Friction Velocity

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Medicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 23 March 2018 / Accepted: 2 April 2018 / Published: 5 April 2018
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Abstract

ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor) is a magnetically confined plasma nuclear reactor. Inside it, due to plasma disruptions, the formation of neutron-activated powders, which are essentially made out of tungsten and beryllium, occurs. As many windows for diagnostics are present on the reactor, which operates at very low pressure, a LOVA (Loss of Vacuum Accident) could be possible and may lead to dust mobilisation and a toxic and radioactive fallout inside the plant. This study is aimed at reproducing numerically the first seconds of a LOVA in ITER, in order to get information about the dust resuspension risk. This work has been carried out by means of a CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulation of the beginning of the pressurisation transient inside the whole Tokamak. It has been found that the pressurization transient is extremely slow, and that the friction speed on the walls is very high, and therefore a high mobilization risk of the dust is expected on the entire internal surface of the reactor. It has been observed that a LOVA in a real-scale reactor is more severe than the one reproduced in reduced-scale facilities, as STARDUST-U, because the speeds are higher, and the dust resuspension capacity of the flow is greater. View Full-Text
Keywords: LOVA; dust resuspension; CFD LOVA; dust resuspension; CFD
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Ciparisse, J.-F.; Rossi, R.; Malizia, A.; Gaudio, P. 3D Simulation of a Loss of Vacuum Accident (LOVA) in ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor): Evaluation of Static Pressure, Mach Number, and Friction Velocity. Energies 2018, 11, 856.

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