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Energies 2018, 11(3), 506; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030506

Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade Design Methodologies for Efficiency Enhancement—A Review

1
Center for Engineering Research, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran-31261, Saudi Arabia
2
Institute for Turbulence-Noise-Vibration Interaction and Control, Shenzhen Graduate School, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
3
Mechanical Engineering Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran-31261, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 February 2018 / Revised: 18 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 27 February 2018
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Abstract

Among renewable sources of energy, wind is the most widely used resource due to its commercial acceptance, low cost and ease of operation and maintenance, relatively much less time for its realization from concept till operation, creation of new jobs, and least adverse effect on the environment. The fast technological development in the wind industry and availability of multi megawatt sized horizontal axis wind turbines has further led the promotion of wind power utilization globally. It is a well-known fact that the wind speed increases with height and hence the energy output. However, one cannot go above a certain height due to structural and other issues. Hence other attempts need to be made to increase the efficiency of the wind turbines, maintaining the hub heights to acceptable and controllable limits. The efficiency of the wind turbines or the energy output can be increased by reducing the cut-in-speed and/or the rated-speed by modifying and redesigning the blades. The problem is tackled by identifying the optimization parameters such as annual energy yield, power coefficient, energy cost, blade mass, and blade design constraints such as physical, geometric, and aerodynamic. The present paper provides an overview of the commonly used models, techniques, tools and experimental approaches applied to increase the efficiency of the wind turbines. In the present review work, particular emphasis is made on approaches used to design wind turbine blades both experimental and numerical, methodologies used to study the performance of wind turbines both experimentally and analytically, active and passive techniques used to enhance the power output from wind turbines, reduction in cut-in-speed for improved wind turbine performance, and lastly the research and development work related to new and efficient materials for the wind turbines. View Full-Text
Keywords: horizontal axis wind turbine; vertical axis wind turbine; wind energy; turbine blade design; aerodynamics; renewable energy; blade load horizontal axis wind turbine; vertical axis wind turbine; wind energy; turbine blade design; aerodynamics; renewable energy; blade load
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Rehman, S.; Alam, M.M.; Alhems, L.M.; Rafique, M.M. Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blade Design Methodologies for Efficiency Enhancement—A Review. Energies 2018, 11, 506.

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