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Transient Modelling of Rotating and Stationary Cylindrical Heat Pipes: An Engineering Model

1
Process & Energy Department, Faculty of Mechanical, Maritime and Materials Engineering, Delft University of Technology, 2628 CB Delft, The Netherlands
2
Research & Development, Tata Steel, 1951 JZ Velsen-Noord, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2018, 11(12), 3458; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123458
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 28 November 2018 / Accepted: 6 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Thermal Management)
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Abstract

Rotating wickless and stationary capillary cylindrical heat pipes are widely used heat transfer devices. Transient behavior of such heat pipes has been investigated numerically with computational fluid dynamics and lumped parameter models. In this paper, the advantages of both methods are combined into a novel engineering model that is low in computational cost but still accurate and rich in the details it provides. The model describes the interior dynamics of the heat pipe with a 2D representation of a cylindrical heat pipe. Liquid and vapor volumes are coarsely meshed in the axial direction. The cells are allowed to change in size in the radial direction during simulation. This allows for tracking the liquid/vapor interface without having to implement fine meshing. The model includes the equations for mass, momentum and energy and is applicable to both rotating and stationary heat pipes. The predictions of the model are validated with other experimental, numerical, and analytical works having an average deviation of less than 4%. The effects of various parameters on the system are explored. The presented model is suitable for the simulation of heat pipe systems in which both the level of detail and the computational cost are crucial factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: engineering model; rotating heat pipe; capillary heat pipe; transient modelling engineering model; rotating heat pipe; capillary heat pipe; transient modelling
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Celik, M.; Paulussen, G.; Van Erp, D.; De Jong, W.; Boersma, B.J. Transient Modelling of Rotating and Stationary Cylindrical Heat Pipes: An Engineering Model. Energies 2018, 11, 3458.

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