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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3434; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123434

Impacts of Heat-Conducting Solid Wall and Heat-Generating Element on Free Convection of Al2O3/H2O Nanofluid in a Cavity with Open Border

1
Laboratory on Convective Heat and Mass Transfer, Tomsk State University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technology Faculty, Firat University, 23119 Elazig, Turkey
3
The Butakov Research Center, Tomsk Polytechnic University, 634050 Tomsk, Russia
4
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, 11421 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2018 / Revised: 2 December 2018 / Accepted: 5 December 2018 / Published: 7 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heat Transfer Enhancement)
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Abstract

Development of modern electronic devices demands a creation of effective cooling systems in the form of active or passive nature. More optimal technique for an origination of such cooling arrangement is a mathematical simulation taking into account the major physical processes which define the considered phenomena. Thermogravitational convection in a partially open alumina-water nanoliquid region under the impacts of constant heat generation element and heat-conducting solid wall is analyzed numerically. A solid heat-conducting wall is a left vertical wall cooled from outside, while a local solid element is placed on the base and kept at constant volumetric heat generation. The right border is supposed to be partially open in order to cool the local heater. The considered domain of interest is an electronic cabinet, while the heat-generating element is an electronic chip. Partial differential equations of mathematical physics formulated in non-primitive variables are worked out by the second order finite difference method. Influences of the Rayleigh number, heat-transfer capacity ratio, location of the local heater and nanoparticles volume fraction on liquid circulation and thermal transmission are investigated. It was ascertained that an inclusion of nanosized alumina particles to the base liquid can lead to the average heater temperature decreasing, that depends on the heater location and internal volumetric heat generation. Therefore, an inclusion of nanoparticles inside the host liquid can essentially intensify the heat removal from the heater that is the major challenge in different engineering applications. Moreover, an effect of nanosized alumina particles is more essential in the case of low intensive convective flow and when the heater is placed near the cooling wall. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermogravitational convection; nanofluid; local heat-generating element; heat-conducting solid wall; partially open cavity; finite difference technique thermogravitational convection; nanofluid; local heat-generating element; heat-conducting solid wall; partially open cavity; finite difference technique
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Sheremet, M.A.; Oztop, H.F.; Gvozdyakov, D.V.; Ali, M.E. Impacts of Heat-Conducting Solid Wall and Heat-Generating Element on Free Convection of Al2O3/H2O Nanofluid in a Cavity with Open Border. Energies 2018, 11, 3434.

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