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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3372; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123372

Expected Global Warming Impacts on the Spatial Distribution and Productivity for 2050 of Five Species of Trees Used in the Wood Energy Supply Chain in France

1
MINES ParisTech / Paris Sciences et Lettres PSL Université Paris, Centre for research on Risks and Crises (CRC), 1 rue Claude Daunesse, CS 10207, 06904 Sophia Antipolis CEDEX, France
2
Warren DANIEL, Plant and Ecosystems (PLECO), University of Antwerp, Campus Drie Eiken - C 0.13, Universiteitsplein 1, BE-2610 Wilrijk, Belgium
3
Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua, Facultad de Zootecnia y Ecología, Periférico Francisco R. Almada Km. 1, Chihuahua 31000, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 29 November 2018 / Published: 2 December 2018
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Abstract

The development of collective and industrial energy systems, based on wood biomass, knows a significant increase since the end of the 90’s in France, with more than 6000 power plants and heating plants developed currently. Because these systems are built for a minimal duration of 30 years, it is relevant to assess the availability of wood resources according to the potential impacts of global warming on five tree species mainly used in such a supply chain. The assessment of the potential spatial distribution of the suitable areas of these trees in 2050, by using the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) RCP6.0 scenario (Representative Concentration Pathway), shows an average decrease of 22% of the plots in comparison with the current situation. The results also point out that mountain areas would maintain a high probability of the development of four tree species. The assessment of the Net Primary Productivity (NPP) underlines a potential decrease for 93% of the plots in 2050, and an increase of this parameter in mountain areas. According to these assumptions, the proposed ecosystem based methodology can be considered as a prospective approach to support stakeholders’ decisions for the development of the wood energy supply chain. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass; climate change; impact; ecosystems; supply chain; sustainability biomass; climate change; impact; ecosystems; supply chain; sustainability
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Garbolino, E.; Daniel, W.; Hinojos Mendoza, G. Expected Global Warming Impacts on the Spatial Distribution and Productivity for 2050 of Five Species of Trees Used in the Wood Energy Supply Chain in France. Energies 2018, 11, 3372.

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