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Energies 2018, 11(10), 2656; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11102656

Thermal Performance Enhancement of a Cross-Flow-Type Maisotsenko Heat and Mass Exchanger Using Various Nanofluids

1
Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Av. Industrias No Contaminantes por Anillo Periférico Norte, Apdo. Postal 150, Cordemex, Mérida, Yucatán 97000, Mexico
2
School of Architecture, Harbin Institute of Technology; Key Laboratory of Cold Region Urban and Rural Human Settlement Environment Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin 150001, China
3
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, International Islamic University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
4
School of Engineering and Computer Science, University of Hull, Hull HU6 7RX, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2018 / Revised: 27 September 2018 / Accepted: 27 September 2018 / Published: 5 October 2018
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Abstract

The incorporation of a Maisotsenko (M) Cycle into an indirect evaporative cooler has led to the achievement of sub-wet bulb temperature without any humidification, thus making it a possible green and sustainable alternative for handling the cooling load of a building. In this work, the thermal performance of a cross-flow heat and mass exchanger (HMX) is enhanced by the addition of nanoparticles in the wet channel because they significantly influence the heat and mass transfer characteristics of the base fluid. A governing model for the temperature and humidity variations of the HMX is numerically simulated. Initial benchmarking is achieved using water properties. Afterward, a comparative study is conducted using aluminum-oxide-, copper-oxide-, and titanium-oxide-based nanofluids. Enhancements of 24.2% in heat flux, 19.24% in wet bulb effectiveness, 7.04% in dew point effectiveness, 29.66% in cooling capacity, and 28.43% in energy efficiency ratio are observed by using alumina-based nanofluid as compared to water in the wet channel of the cross-flow HMX. Furthermore, a particle volume concentration of 1% and a particle diameter of 20nm are recommended for maximum performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: Maisotsenko cycle; cross-flow HMX; nanofluid; heat transfer enhancement Maisotsenko cycle; cross-flow HMX; nanofluid; heat transfer enhancement
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tariq, R.; Zhan, C.; Ahmed Sheikh, N.; Zhao, X. Thermal Performance Enhancement of a Cross-Flow-Type Maisotsenko Heat and Mass Exchanger Using Various Nanofluids. Energies 2018, 11, 2656.

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