Next Article in Journal
Exploring Vehicle Level Benefits of Revolutionary Technology Progress via Aircraft Design and Optimization
Next Article in Special Issue
A New ZVS Tuning Method for Double-Sided LCC Compensated Wireless Power Transfer System
Previous Article in Journal
Installation of XLPE-Insulated 400 kV Submarine AC Power Cables under the Dardanelles Strait: A 4 GW Turkish Grid Reinforcement
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Three-Phase Dynamic Wireless Charging System with Constant Output Voltage
Article Menu
Issue 1 (January) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Energies 2018, 11(1), 165;

Study of Power Flow in an IPT System Based on Poynting Vector Analysis

Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Auckland, Auckland 1023, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2017 / Revised: 21 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 10 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Power Transfer and Energy Harvesting Technologies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1559 KB, uploaded 10 January 2018]   |  


This paper analyzes the power distribution and flow of an inductive power transfer (IPT) system with two coupled coils by using the Poynting vector. The system is modelled with a current source flowing through the primary coil, and a uniformly loaded secondary first, then the Poynting vector at an arbitrary point is analyzed by calculating the magnetic and electric fields between and around of the two coils. Both analytical analysis and numerical analysis have been undertaken to show the power distribution, and it has found that power distributes as a donut shape in three-dimensional (3D) space and concentrates along the edges in the proposed two-coil setup, instead of locating coaxially along the center path. Furthermore, power flow across the mid-plane between the two coils is analyzed analytically by the surface integral of the Poynting vector, which is compared with the input power from the primary and the output power to the secondary coil via coupled circuit theory. It has shown that for a lossless IPT system, the power transferred across the mid-plane is equal to the input and output power, which validates the Poynting vector approach. The proposed Poynting vector method provides an effective way to analyze the power distribution in the medium between two coupled coils, which cannot be achieved by traditional lumped circuit theories. View Full-Text
Keywords: Inductive power transfer (IPT); Poynting vector; power distribution; power flow Inductive power transfer (IPT); Poynting vector; power distribution; power flow

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Hu, A.P. Study of Power Flow in an IPT System Based on Poynting Vector Analysis. Energies 2018, 11, 165.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top