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Energies 2018, 11(1), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11010115

Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Analysis of a Slim-Type Double Skin Window System: Using an Experimental and a Simulation Method

Korea Institute of Civil Engineering & Building Technology, 283 Goyangdae-Ro, Ilsanseo-Gu, Goyang-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 10223, Korea
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Received: 18 November 2017 / Revised: 18 December 2017 / Accepted: 31 December 2017 / Published: 3 January 2018
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Abstract

Double skin facade systems are known to be capable of preventing overheating in curtain wall buildings to a certain degree. The system induces the efficient blocking of sunlight using a center blind during the summer season. Moreover, it enables overheated air in the cavity layer to be sent outdoors, resulting in a reduction of the use of energy for cooling. However, double skin facade systems can be problematic, in that they must be opened according to seasonal conditions to achieve greater energy consumption efficiencies. In current double skin facade systems, the width of the cavity layer was too wide for residents to easily operate the system. When considering this, research on an easy-to-open 270 mm slim-type double skin window (SDSW) was undertaken in order to confirm its energy efficient performance. First, official testing based on the KS L 9107 Standard was undertaken to analyze solar heat gain coefficients (SHGC) and the cavity air temperatures, according to the open and close conditions of the SDSW’s external windows, enabling an analysis of the effect that the opening of windows had on reducing cooling energy needs. Next, SHGCs and cavity air temperatures were studied according to the different opening conditions of the SDSW’s external window to analyze the most optimal effects on cooling energy reductions by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). View Full-Text
Keywords: double skin facade system; solar heat gain coefficient; KS L 9107; CFD double skin facade system; solar heat gain coefficient; KS L 9107; CFD
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Cho, K.-J.; Cho, D.-W. Solar Heat Gain Coefficient Analysis of a Slim-Type Double Skin Window System: Using an Experimental and a Simulation Method. Energies 2018, 11, 115.

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