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Energies 2017, 10(11), 1850;

Effect of Charcoal and Kraft-Lignin Addition on Coke Compression Strength and Reactivity

Process Metallurgy Research Unit, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 4300, FI-90014 Oulu, Finland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 October 2017 / Revised: 7 November 2017 / Accepted: 9 November 2017 / Published: 13 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermo Fluid Conversion of Biomass)
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The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of charcoal and Kraft-lignin additions on the structure, cold compression strength, and reactivity of bio-cokes produced at the laboratory scale. Bio-cokes were prepared by adding charcoal and Kraft-lignin (2.5, 5.0, 7.5, and 10.0 wt %) to medium-volatile coal and coking the mixture with controlled heating rate (3.5 °C/min) up to 1200 °C. In addition, four particle sizes of charcoal were added with a 5 wt % addition rate to investigate the effect of particle size on the compression strength and reactivity. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to evaluate the pyrolysis behavior of coal and biomasses. Optical microscopy was used to investigate the interaction of coal and biomass components. It was found that by controlling the amount of charcoal and Kraft-lignin in the coal blend, the compression strength of the bio-cokes remains at an acceptable level compared to the reference coke without biomass addition. The cold compression strength of the charcoal bio-cokes was higher compared to Kraft-lignin bio-cokes. The reactivity of the bio-cokes with charcoal addition was markedly higher compared to reference coke and Kraft-lignin bio-cokes, mainly due to the differences in the physical properties of the parental biomass. By increasing the bulk density of the coal/biomass charge, the cold compression strength of the bio-cokes can be improved substantially. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-coke; charcoal; Kraft-lignin; blast furnace; cold compression strength; reactivity bio-coke; charcoal; Kraft-lignin; blast furnace; cold compression strength; reactivity

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Suopajärvi, H.; Dahl, E.; Kemppainen, A.; Gornostayev, S.; Koskela, A.; Fabritius, T. Effect of Charcoal and Kraft-Lignin Addition on Coke Compression Strength and Reactivity. Energies 2017, 10, 1850.

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