Corporate Social Responsibility and SMEs in Vietnam: A Study in the Textile and Garment Industry
2. Theoretical Background and Hypotheses
4. Research Findings
4.1. Descriptive Statistics
4.2. Cronbach’s Alpha and EFA Analysis
4.3. Correlation and Regression Analysis
4.4. Hypothesis Test
Conflicts of Interest
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|Code||Observed variable (n = 250)||N||Min||Max||Mean||Std. Deviation|
|The implementation of CSR in SMEs|
|CSR1||CSR is embedded in firms’ business responsibilities.||250||2.0||5.0||3.35||0.691|
|CSR2||CSR has brought specific benefits for companies.||250||2.0||5.0||3.46||0.706|
|CSR3||Firms voluntarily practice CSR.||250||2.0||5.0||3.42||0.714|
|CSR4||Practicing CSR is a part of the strategy and business plan of companies.||250||2.0||5.0||3.48||0.695|
|CSR5||Firms have an annual report of CSR for stakeholders as required.||250||2.0||5.0||3.33||0.675|
|The understanding of managers about CSR|
|LĐ1||You understand and participate in CSR programs in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.54||0.910|
|LĐ2||You participate in evaluating the benefits of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.51||0.870|
|LĐ3||You understand that stakeholders (shareholders, employees, competitors, suppliers, customers) have an influence on the strategy and plans of your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.46||0.957|
|LĐ4||You think that companies need to have responsibilities to their stakeholders.||250||2.0||5.0||3.48||0.875|
|The internal environment of SMEs|
|MTNB1||Employees put pressure on your companies in terms of implementing CSR in practice.||250||2.0||5.0||3.57||.839|
|MTNB2||Following labor laws and ensuring fair working conditions for employees have an influence on the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.53||.870|
|MTNB3||Following health and safety policies and making a report about these have an influence on the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.72||1.041|
|MTNB4||Policies to motivate employees to improve practical skills and competencies have an influence on the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.61||.805|
|MTNB5||Listening to employees’ opinions about important issues has an influence on the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.58||0.857|
|MTNB6||CSR is a part of the marketing strategy of your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.56||0.891|
|MTCT1||Customers have an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.49||0.879|
|MTCT2||International partners have important requirements to the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.50||0.970|
|MTCT3||Suppliers and business partners have an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.52||0.906|
|MTCT4||Policies and standards of the industry and market about CSR have an influence on company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.52||0.915|
|MTCT5||Suppliers have an influence on the plans and decisions of CSR implementation in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.66||0.727|
|MTCT6||Formal and informal surveys of customer satisfaction have an influence on the practice of CSR in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.51||0.919|
|MTVM1||Local communities have an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of the CSR implementation in your company.||240||2.0||5.0||3.55||0.953|
|MTVM2||Governmental agencies have an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of the CSR implementation in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.55||0.914|
|MTVM3||Associations and non-governmental organizations have an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of the CSR implementation in your company.||250||2.0||5.0||3.59||0.906|
|MTVM4||Society has an influence on the strategy, plans and decisions of the CSR implementation in your company.||250||1.0||5.0||3.56||0.944|
|Observed Variable||Scale Mean if Item Deleted||Scale Variance if Item Deleted||Item-Total Correlations||Cronbach’s Alpha if Item Deleted|
The understanding of Managers about CSR (LĐ): 0.733
The Internal Environment of companies (MTNB): 0.812
Competitive Context (MTCT): 0.818
|Cronbach’s Alpha |
Social Influences (MTVM): 0.744
|Cronbach’s Alpha |
The Implementation of CSR in SMEs (CSR): 0.850
|CSR||Pearson Correlation Sig. (2-tailed)||1|
|MTNB||Pearson||0.402 **||0.329 **||1|
|MTCT||Pearson||0.681 **||0.386 **||0.257 **||1|
|MTVM||Pearson||0.611 **||0.404 **||0.383 **||0.343 **||1|
|Model||R||R Square||Adjusted R Square||Std. Error of the Estimate|
|Model||Sum of Squares||df||Mean Square||F||Sig.|
|Model||Unstandardized Coefficients||Standardized Coefficients||t||Sig.||Collinearity Statistics|
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Van, L.T.-H.; Nguyen, P.A. Corporate Social Responsibility and SMEs in Vietnam: A Study in the Textile and Garment Industry. J. Risk Financial Manag. 2019, 12, 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12040174
Van LT-H, Nguyen PA. Corporate Social Responsibility and SMEs in Vietnam: A Study in the Textile and Garment Industry. Journal of Risk and Financial Management. 2019; 12(4):174. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12040174Chicago/Turabian Style
Van, Loan Thi-Hong, and Phuong Anh Nguyen. 2019. "Corporate Social Responsibility and SMEs in Vietnam: A Study in the Textile and Garment Industry" Journal of Risk and Financial Management 12, no. 4: 174. https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm12040174