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Radiotherapy or Surgery? Comparative, Qualitative Assessment of Online Patient Education Materials on Prostate Cancer

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, 9007 St. Gallen, Switzerland
2
Department of Urology, Cantonal Hospital St. Gallen, 9007 St. Gallen, Switzerland
3
Faculty of Medicine, University of Bern, 3008 Bern, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28(5), 3420-3429; https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050296
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 26 August 2021 / Accepted: 31 August 2021 / Published: 6 September 2021
As multiple different treatment options are available for prostate cancer (PCa) and YouTube is commonly used as a source for medical information, we performed a systematic and comparative assessment of available videos guiding patients on their choice for the optimal treatment. An independent search for surgical therapy or radiotherapy of PCa on YouTube was performed and the 40 most viewed videos of both groups were analyzed. The validated DISCERN questionnaire and PEMAT were utilized to evaluate their quality and misinformation. The median overall quality of the videos was found to be low for surgery videos, while radiotherapy videos results reached a moderate quality. The median PEMAT understandability score was 60% (range 0–100%) for radiotherapy and 75% (range 40–100) for surgery videos. The radiotherapy videos contained less misinformation and were judged to be of higher quality. Summarized, the majority of the provided videos offer insufficient quality of content and are potentially subject to commercial bias without reports on possible conflict of interest. Thus, most of available videos on YouTube informing PCa patients about possible treatment methods are not suited for a balanced patient education or as a basis for the patient’s decision. View Full-Text
Keywords: YouTube; patient information; online education; prostate cancer; surgery; radiotherapy YouTube; patient information; online education; prostate cancer; surgery; radiotherapy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vu, E.; Pratsinis, M.; Plasswilm, L.; Schmid, H.-P.; Panje, C.; Betschart, P. Radiotherapy or Surgery? Comparative, Qualitative Assessment of Online Patient Education Materials on Prostate Cancer. Curr. Oncol. 2021, 28, 3420-3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050296

AMA Style

Vu E, Pratsinis M, Plasswilm L, Schmid H-P, Panje C, Betschart P. Radiotherapy or Surgery? Comparative, Qualitative Assessment of Online Patient Education Materials on Prostate Cancer. Current Oncology. 2021; 28(5):3420-3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vu, Erwin, Manolis Pratsinis, Ludwig Plasswilm, Hans-Peter Schmid, Cédric Panje, and Patrick Betschart. 2021. "Radiotherapy or Surgery? Comparative, Qualitative Assessment of Online Patient Education Materials on Prostate Cancer" Current Oncology 28, no. 5: 3420-3429. https://doi.org/10.3390/curroncol28050296

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