Next Article in Journal
Water and Sanitation in Schools: A Systematic Review of the Health and Educational Outcomes
Previous Article in Journal
Relationships among Trust in Messages, Risk Perception, and Risk Reduction Preferences Based upon Avian Influenza in Taiwan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Microbial Monitoring of Surface Water in South Africa: An Overview
Open AccessArticle

Microbiological Surveillance and State of the Art Technological Strategies for the Prevention of Dialysis Water Pollution

Territorial Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, ASL, Quartu Sant’Elena, Cagliari 09045, Italy
University Department of Public Health, Clinical and Molecular Medicine, University of Cagliari, Cagliari 09121, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9(8), 2758-2771;
Received: 1 June 2012 / Revised: 4 July 2012 / Accepted: 16 July 2012 / Published: 2 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drinking Water and Health)
Methods: The present report attempts to illustrate the positive impact on the microbiological quality of dialysis patients over a 15-year period through the progressive implementation of state-of-the-art technological strategies and the optimization of microbiological surveillance procedures in five dialysis units in Sardinia. Results: Following on better microbiological, quality controls of dialysis water and improvement of procedures and equipment, a drastic improvement of microbiological water quality was observed in a total of 945 samples. The main aim was to introduce the use of microbiological culture methods as recommended by the most important guidelines. The microbiological results obtained have led to a progressive refining of controls and introduction of new materials and equipment, including two-stage osmosis and piping distribution rings featuring a greater capacity to prevent biofilm adhesion. The actions undertaken have resulted in unexpected quality improvements. Conclusions: Dialysis water should be viewed by the nephrologist as a medicinal product exerting a demonstrable positive impact on microinflammation in dialysis patients. A synergic effort between nephrologists and microbiologists undoubtedly constitutes the most effective means of preventing dialysis infections. View Full-Text
Keywords: microbiological methods; quality dialysis water microbiological methods; quality dialysis water
MDPI and ACS Style

Bolasco, P.; Contu, A.; Meloni, P.; Vacca, D.; Galfrè, A. Microbiological Surveillance and State of the Art Technological Strategies for the Prevention of Dialysis Water Pollution. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2012, 9, 2758-2771.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop