Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Antioxidative and Chemopreventive Properties of Vernonia amygdalina and Garcinia biflavonoid
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Mercury Levels in Locally Manufactured Mexican Skin-Lightening Creams
Open AccessArticle

HIV and Tuberculosis Trends in the United States and Select Sub-Saharan Africa Countries

1
Department of Biology, Jackson State University, 1400 J R Lynch Street, Jackson, MS 39217, USA
2
Biostatistical Support Unit, Department of Biology, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39217, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8(6), 2524-2532; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph8062524
Received: 30 November 2010 / Revised: 31 May 2011 / Accepted: 5 June 2011 / Published: 23 June 2011
Tuberculosis (TB) and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) are two catastrophic diseases affecting millions of people worldwide every year; and are considered to be pandemic by the World Health Organization. This study aims to compare the recent trends in TB and HIV in the United States and Sub-Saharan African Countries. Data (incidence, prevalence and death rates of HIV and TB) for the United States, Cameroon, Nigeria, and South Africa were collected from The Joint United Nations Programme for HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), US Census Bureau and World Health Organization (WHO) databases and analyzed using Statistical Analysis Software (SAS v 9.1). Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was performed to compare the variables of interest between the countries and across time. Results showed that percent rates of TB cases, TB deaths, HIV cases and HIV deaths were significantly different (P < 0.001) among these countries from 1993 to 2006. South Africa had the highest rates of HIV and TB; while US had the lowest rates of both diseases. Tuberculosis and HIV rates for Cameroon and Nigeria were significantly higher when compared to the United States, but were significantly lower when compared to South Africa (P < 0.001). There were significant differences (P < 0.001) in the prevalence of TB and HIV between the United States and the Sub-Saharan African countries, as well as differences within the Sub-Saharan African countries from 1993 to 2006. More analysis needs to be carried out in order to determine the prevalence and incidence of HIV and TB among multiple variables like gender, race, sexual orientation and age to get a comprehensive picture of the trends of HIV and TB. View Full-Text
Keywords: tuberculosis; HIV; United States; sub-Saharan Africa tuberculosis; HIV; United States; sub-Saharan Africa
MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmud, O.; Dates, C.; Akil, L.; Ahmad, H.A. HIV and Tuberculosis Trends in the United States and Select Sub-Saharan Africa Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2011, 8, 2524-2532.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop