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Barriers to Health Care among the Elderly in Japan

Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Department of Community Health and Preventive Medicine, 1-20-1 Handayama, Higashiku, Hamamatsu, 431-3192, Japan
Rutgers University, Department of Economics and Center for Children and Childhood Studies, Camden, NJ 08102, USA
New York Medical College, School of Health Sciences & Practice, Department of Epidemiology & Community Health, Valhalla, NY 10595, USA
Nihon Fukushi University, Center for Well-being and Society, 5-22-35 Chiyoda Nakaku Nagoya, Aichi, 460-0012, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7(4), 1330-1341;
Received: 21 December 2009 / Revised: 9 March 2010 / Accepted: 15 March 2010 / Published: 26 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
PDF [177 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


Japan is undergoing a set of health care reforms aimed at cutting rising health care costs and increasing the efficiency of health care delivery. This empirical study used a large-scale community survey on 15,302 elderly people 65 years and older (56.0% women) conducted in seven municipalities in 2006, to reveal clear-cut evidence of barriers to necessary care. The reasons for not getting health care is attributed to health care cost for the elderly with lower income, while higher income counterparts reported being busy or having a condition not serious enough to seek care. View Full-Text
Keywords: cost burden; socioeconomic status (SES); barriers to health care cost burden; socioeconomic status (SES); barriers to health care
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Murata, C.; Yamada, T.; Chen, C.-C.; Ojima, T.; Hirai, H.; Kondo, K. Barriers to Health Care among the Elderly in Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2010, 7, 1330-1341.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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